نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

  هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر مؤلفه‌های سرمایه اجتماعی (اعتماد، احترام، ارزش‌های اخلاقی، همکاری، مسؤولیت‌پذیری، احساس امنیت، مشارکت اجتماعی و مهارت‌های ارتباطی) بر رضایت زناشویی دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان (خوراسگان) در سال 1390 بود. پژوهش مطالعه‌ای توصیفی- همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان متأهل به تعداد 1150نفر بود که از این تعداد نمونه‌ای 288 نفری با استفاده از فرمول حجم نمونه کرجسی و مورگان (1970) به‌صورت تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از دو پرسشنامه استاندارد رضایت زناشویی انریچ (1979) با 47 سؤال که پایایی عامل‌های آن توسط السون و السون (1999) در دامنه‌ای بین 48/0 تا 90/0 و مهدویان (1376) بین 50/0 تا 87/0 برآورد گردیده است؛ و پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته سرمایه اجتماعی با 51 سؤال و ضریب آلفای 75/0 استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل رگرسیون استفاده گردید. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که مؤلفه‌های مختلف سرمایه اجتماعی شامل اعتماد متقابل زوجین، احترام متقابل، تعاون، ارزش‌های اخلاقی، مسؤولیت‌پذیری، احساس امنیت، مشارکت اجتماعی و مهارت‌های ارتباطی بر رضایت زناشویی تأثیر معنی داری دارند (0001/0 ( P≤ .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Social Capital Components on Marital Satisfaction of Married Students

چکیده [English]

  The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of the social capital components (trust, respect, ethical values, cooperation, responsibility, sense of security, social participation and communicative skills) on marital satisfaction of married students in Islamic Azad University of Isfahan Khorasgan Branch. The research was descriptive correlation study. The statistical population consisted of all 1150 married students, out of whom a sample 288 persons were randomly selected according to Kerjesi & Morgan formula. For collecting the data, two questionnaires were administered, Enrich Standardized Questionnaire of Marital Satisfaction (1979) with 47 items and reliability between 0.48 – 0.90 according to Olson and Olson (1999) and between 0.50- 0.87 according to Mahdaviyan (1376) and a researcher- made Questionnaire of Social Capital consisted of 51 items with the reliability of 0 . 75. To analyze the data, regression analysis was applied. The research findings showed that different social capital dimensions including mutual trust, respect ,cooperation, ethical values, responsibility, sense of security, social participation and communicative skills have significant effect on marital satisfaction (P≤0.0001).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital satisfaction
  • Social capital
  • Trust
  • respect
  • responsibility
  • Communicative skills
  • Cooperation

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