نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 دانشجوی دکتری پزشکی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی نجف‌آباد

چکیده

  هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌های اجتماعی بر میزان توانایی و مشکلات رفتاری فرزندان نوجوان دختر شاهد و ایثارگر شهر اصفهان بود. پژوهش حاضر نیمه‌آزمایشی و جامعه آماری دربرگیرنده فرزندان شاهد و ایثارگر 16ـ13 سالۀ شهر اصفهان بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب گردیدند. بدین ترتیب که از نواحی پنجگانۀ آموزش و پرورش، ناحیۀ پنج و از 26 دبیرستان دخترانۀ این ناحیه 26 فرزند شاهد و ایثارگر به‌صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه جایگزین شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری در این پژوهش پرسشنامه جمعیت‌شناختی و پرسشنامه توانایی‌ها و مشکلات SDQ بود. یافته‌ها از طریق تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری ( MANCOVA ) و با نرم‌افزار SPSS 16 تحلیل شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که در مرحله پس‌آزمون و پیگیری (پس از 4 ماه) به ترتیب میانگین نمرات توانایی در گروه آزمایش به شکل معناداری بیش از گروه گواه ( 021/0 > P ) و ( 003/0 > P ) و میانگین نمرات مشکلات رفتاری در گروه آزمایش به شکل معناداری کمتر از گروه گواه می‌باشد ( 001/0 > P ) و ( 00 4 /0 > P ) . این پژوهش بیانگر اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌های اجتماعی بر بهبود میزان توانایی و کاهش مشکلات فرزندان دختران نوجوان شاهد و ایثارگر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Social Skills Group Training on Strengths and Behavioral Difficulties in Daughters of Veterans and Martyrs Families

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam esmaeili 1
  • mahgol tavakoli 1
  • Fatemeh Yaghobian 2
  • leila Esmaeili 3
  • saeideh Mahdavi 4

چکیده [English]

  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of social skills group training on strengths and behavioral difficulties in adolescents of veterans and martyrs families . The research design was quasi- experimental with control group. In order to perform, 26 veterans' adolescents daughters ) 13-16 years ( were randomly selected from 26 high school girls in 5 sections of educational system in Isfahan city via random cluster sampling method and then were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The Demographical as well as Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ), were administered to them. The results were analyzed using multicovariate analysis by SPSS 16 software. The results showed that in post-test and follow-up (after 4 months), respectively, the means scores of experimental group were significantly higher than control group in strengths (P≤0.021) and (P≤0.003) , but lower in behavioral difficulties in experimental group (P≤0.001) and (P≤0.004). These findings indicated that social skills group training is effective on increasing strengths and decreasing behavioral difficulties in daughters of veterans and martyrs’ families after four months.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social skills group training
  • strengths and behavioral difficulties
  • adolescent daughters of veterans and martyrs Families

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