نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی
تأثیر مؤلفه‌های شخصیت جامعه‌پسند، خودشیفتگی بر بهزیستی اجتماعی ساکنان شهر تهران بود. این پژوهش از نوع همبستگی و جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر همۀ
زنان و مردان ساکن شهر تهران در سال 1392 بود، که از این میان 200 نفر (100 زن و 100 مرد) با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامۀ بهزیستی اجتماعی کیز، (1998)،
پرسشنامۀ شخصیت
جامعه‌پسند پنر (2002) و پرسشنامه
شخصیت خودشیفته راسکین و تری (1988) بودند. در تحلیل داده‌ها از ضریب همبستگی
پیرسون و رگرسیون چندمتغیره استفاده شد. یافته‌های
پژوهش نشان داد که شخصیت جامعه‌پسند و مؤلفه‌های آن با بهزیستی اجتماعی رابطۀ
مثبت معنادار (01/0>P < /span>) و خودشیفتگی و
مؤلفه‌های آن با بهزیستی اجتماعی رابطه منفی معنادار دارد (01/0>P < /span>). همچنین
نتایج رگرسیون چندمتغیری نشان داد که شخصیت جامعه‌پسند و خودشیفته
قادر به پیش‌بینی تقریباً 40درصد از واریانس بهزیستی اجتماعی هستند. به این ترتیب 11
فرضیۀ پژوهش حاضر مورد تأیید قرار گرفت: شخصیت
جامعه‌پسند، هم‌حسی جهت‌گیری شده، کمک‌رسانی، شخصیت خودشیفته، اقتدار، خودنمایی،
برتری‌جویی، بهره‌کشی، محق بودن، خودبسندگی و خودبینی بر بهزیستی اجتماعی تأثیر
معناداری دارد (01/0>P < /span>). با توجه به نتایج پژوهش با کاهش خودشیفتگی
در افراد و تقویت شخصیت جامعه‌پسند در آنها می‌توان به ارتقای بهزیستی اجتماعی آنها
کمک کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of prosocial personality and Narcissism on Social Well-being of the Residents in Tehran City

نویسندگان [English]

  • majid saffarinia 1
  • masoomeh tadris tabrizi 2
  • tayebeh mohtashami 3
  • parastoo hassanzadeh 2

چکیده [English]

 This study examined the effect of the
components of prosocial personality and narcissism on social well-being in men and women resident in Tehran city. This research was a correlational
one. Statistical population consisted of all women and men resident in
Tehran in 2013. 200 male and female resident in Tehran were randomly selected by multi-phases clustering sampling.
Research tools were Keyes` Social Well-being Questionnaire (1998), Penner`s Prosocial Personality
Questionnaire (2002) and Raskin &
Terry`s Narcissistic Personality Inventory
(1988). For data analysis, pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate
regression were used. Research findings showed that prosocial
personality
and it`s components had positive correlation with social well-being (P < 0.01)
and narcissism and it`s components had negative correlation with social well-being (P < 0.01). Also, the results of
multivariate regression indicated that prosocial personality and
narcissism can predict about 40% of the variance of social well-being.
Therefore, eleven hypotheses of current research was confirmed: prosocial
personality, other-oriented empathy, helpfulness,
narcissism personality, authority, exhibitionism, superiority,
exploitativeness, entitlement, self-sufficiency, vanity had a significant
effect on social well-being (P < 0.01). According to research results with
reducing narcissism in individuals and reinforcing their prosocial personality
can help them promote their social well-being. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • prosocial personality
  • Narcissism
  • social well-being

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