نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری سنجش و اندازه گیری دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 هدف از مطالعۀ حاضر ارزیابی اثربخشی آموزش مهارت حل مسأله بر کاهش استرس‌های والدینی و سبک فرزندپروری آنان است. روش پژوهش شبه‌تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون تک‌گروهی است. جامعۀ
آماری را والدین دانش‌آموزان مدارس غیرانتفاعی شهر تهران تشکیل می‌دادند که از بین
آنها والدین 33دانش‌آموز به شیوۀ در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش دو پرسشنامۀ
میزان استرس‌های والدین (شکوهی‌یکتا و پرند، 1386 ب) و روش‌های
فرزندپروری (شکوهی‌یکتا و پرند، 1386) بودند. والدین در کارگاههای آموزشی
تربیت کودک اندیشمند شرکت کردند. والدین در این کارگاهها در زمینۀ استفاده از روش
حل‌ مسأله برای تغییر فرایند شناختی خود در رویارویی با رفتارهای چالش‌برانگیز کودکان و
واکنش مناسب نسبت به رفتار کودکان خود آموزش دیدند. کارگاهها به مدت 10 جلسۀ
دوساعته و یک روز در هفته برگزار می‌شدند. از والدین توسط پرسشنامه‌ها قبل از شروع کارگاه، پیش‌آزمون و همچنین در پایان دورۀ آموزشی پس‌آزمون
گرفته شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری (55/0=2η، 05/0P < ) نشان داد که
آموزش در بهبود 3 مؤلفه تنبیه و توبیخ، توصیۀ بدون توضیح و حل مسأله تأثیر معناداری داشته است. لذا می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که از آموزش حل مسأله به والدین به‌عنوان
شیوه‌ای برای بهبود روش‌های تربیتی آنان در تربیت کودکان می‌توان استفاده کرد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Teaching Problem-Solving Skills on Parental Stress and Parenting Style

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Shokoohi-Yekta 1
  • Akram Parand 1
  • Saeed Akbari Zardkhaneh 2

چکیده [English]

 The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching problem-solving skills on reducing
parental stresses and parenting style. The study used quasi
experimental method with single group,
pre-test, post-test design. Statistical population included all the
parents of students in non-profit schools in Tehran which 33 parents were
selected by available sampling method.
Instruments included
two questionnaires, level of parental
stresses (Shokoohi-Yekta and Parand, 2006) and parenting styles stresses (Shokoohi-Yekta and Parand, 2006). Parents participated in
the Raising a Thinking Child Workshop. In this workshop, parents learned problem solving strategies to change their
cognitive processes when they encounter challenging behaviors of their children and to respond appropriately
to them. Workshop < /font>
consisted of 10 sessions, each two
hours per week. Participants
completed the instruments in pretest
(start of the training) and post test (end of the training) stages. The results of analysis of multi variance (P < 0.05, η2=0.55) showed that training significantly improved three
parenting styles:
Punishment, Suggestion without explanation, and Problem Solving. Therefore
it was concluded that teaching problem solving to parents can be applied as a way of improving their parenting style. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • parental stress
  • Parenting style
  • problem solving skills

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