نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

 هدف پژوهش
حاضر پیش‌بینی سلامت عمومی در دانشجویان براساس تصویر بدنی، استرس و ویژگی‌های
شخصیتی بود. این پژوهش از نوع همبستگی بود. 200 نفر از دانشجویان رشته‌های مختلف
دانشگاه تبریز به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش
از مقیاس رویدادهای زندگی (پیکل و همکاران، 1975)، پرسشنامۀ چندبعدی روابط بدن ـ
خود (کش، 1994)، آزمون شخصیتی (آیزنگ، 1985) و پرسشنامۀ سلامت عمومی (گلدبرگ و
هیلر، 1979) استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش همبستگی پیرسون و روش رگرسیون
چندگانه به شیوۀ گام به‌گام تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج حاکی از آن بود که همبستگی معناداری بین
فشارهای روان‌شناختی و سلامت روانی و عمومی دانشجویان وجود دارد، ولی بین فشارهای
روان‌شناختی و تصویر بدنی و سه عامل شخصیتی همبستگی معناداری وجود نداشت. همچنین،
همبستگی منفی معناداری بین سلامت عمومی و نوروزگرایی و همبستگی مثبت معناداری بین
سلامت عمومی و برون‌گرایی وجود داشت. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون گام به‌گام نشان داد فقط
سه متغیر نورزگرایی، تصویر بدنی و استرس روانی قادر به پیش‌بینی سلامت روانی و
جسمی دانشجویان هستند (001/0>P < /span>). همچنین،
برون‌گرایی و روان‌پریشی پیش‌بین سلامت روانی دانشجویان نبودند.    

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Prediction of General Health on the Basis of Body Image, Life Stress and Personality Characteristics

نویسنده [English]

  • zeynab khanjani

چکیده [English]

The
aim of the present study was to
predict students general health by body image, life stress and
personality characteristics. The research employed a correlation study. 200
students were selected from different fields of Tabriz university through multistage
random sampling. Scaling in Life Events (Paykel, et al, 1975), Multi-dimensional Inventory of
body-self relation (Cash, 1994) personality Questionnaire (Eysenck, 1985) and
General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg and Hillier. 1979) were used. Data
analysed by Pearson correlation model and step by step regression analysis. The
results showed that there is a significant correlation between psychological
stresses and mental and general health in students, but there was no
significant correlation between psychological stresses and body image, and
three personality factors. Also, there was a significant negative correlation
between general health and neuroticism and a significant positive correlation between general
health and extraversion. Results of step by step regression analysis showed
that only three variables of neuroticism, body image and psychological stress can predict students mental and physical
health (P < 0.001). Also, extraversion and
psychosis didn’t predict students mental health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • General Health
  • body image
  • Stress
  • personality characteristics

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