نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان (خوراسگان)

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اصفهان (خوراسگان)

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

 هدف از
پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان و درک هیجانات در اختلال وسواسی
ـ اجباری، اختلال اضطراب منتشر، اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی و افراد بهنجار بود. روش
این پژوهش از نوع علّی ـ مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را
کلیه بیماران زن و مرد مبتلا به این سه اختلال در
مراکز
روانپزشکی خصوصی شهر شیراز (سال 1391 و 1392) تشکیل دادند
که از میان آنان 300 بیمار (در هر گروه اختلال، 100 بیمار)
با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند.آزمودنی‌های بهنجار نیز شامل 100 نفر از
همراهان بیماران بودند. شرکت کنندگان پرسشنامه‌های تنظیم شناختی هیجان (گارنفسکی و
همکاران، 2001)، نارسایی هیجانی تورنتوـ20 مقوله‌ای
(بگبی و همکاران، 1994) و سلامت عمومی (گلدبرگ و هیلیر، 1979) را تکمیل کردند. نتایج
تحلیل
واریانس چندمتغیره و آزمون تعقیبی توکی نشان داد که سه گروه بیمار در مقایسه با
گروه بهنجار راهبردهای غیرانطباقی تنظیم شناختی هیجان بیشتر، راهبردهای انطباقی
کمتر و درک ضعیف‌تری از هیجان‌ها را گزارش دادند (001/0>P < /span>). در
استفاده از راهبردهای انطباقی و درک ضعیف هیجانات بین سه گروه بیمار تفاوت
معناداری وجود داشت (001/0>P < /span>). به‌طور کلی، راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان و درک هیجان‌ها در این اختلالات به‌صورت
متفاوتی بروز می‌کند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Understanding Emotions in Obsessive Compulsive, Generalized Anxiety, and Social Anxiety Disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam Davoodi 1
  • Hamid Taher Neshat Doost 2
  • Mohammad Reza Abdi 3
  • Hooshang Talebi 3

چکیده [English]

 The purpose of the present study was to compare the cognitive emotion
regulation strategies and understanding emotions in obsessive compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social
anxiety disorder, and normal people. The research method was
causal-comparative. The statistical population were all male and female patients with the disorders mentioned,
in private psychiatric centers in Shiraz (2012 and
2013). 300 patients (100 patients in each disorder group) were selected through
available sampling method. 100 people from those who accompanied patients
considered as the normal participants. All
participants completed the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Garnefski
et al., 2001), the 20-item
Toronto Alexithymia Scale (Bagby et al.,
1994), and General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg & Hillier, 1979). The results of
multivariate analysis of variance and Tukey post-hoc test showed that
the three patient groups reported more maladaptive
cognitive emotional regulation strategies, less adaptive strategies, and
lower understanding of emotions than the normal group (P < span dir="rtl">>0.001). There was a significant difference among the three
patient groups in using adaptive strategies and low understanding of emotions (P < span dir="rtl">>0.001). In general, cognitive emotion regulation strategies and understanding
emotions appear differently in these disorders. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive emotion regulation strategies
  • understanding emotions
  • obsessive compulsive disorder
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  • social anxiety disorder

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