نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام‌ نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، مرکز تحقیقات روان‌تنی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

 هدف این پژوهش بررسی نقش رضایت زناشویی
مادران در پیش‌بینی خودپنداره و اضطراب دختران نوجوان آنان بود. این پژوهش توصیفی و از نوع
همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری آن را همۀ دانش‌آموزان دختر پایۀ سوم مدارس راهنمایی شهر
تهران در سال تحصیلی 91ـ1390 تشکیل می‌دادند. به شیوۀ نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای،
144 نفر از دانش‌آموز دختر منطقۀ 4 آموزش و پرورش انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامۀ
اضطراب (کتل، 1960) و پرسشنامه خودپنداره (راجرز، 1957) و پرسشنامۀ کوتاه مقیاس
رضایت زناشویی انریچ (اولسون، 1989) بود. تحلیل داده‌ها با روش آماری همبستگی
پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون انجام شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که رضایت زناشویی، ارتباطات، حل
تعارض و تحریف آرمانی در مادران، اضطراب دختران را پیش‌بینی می‌کند (05/0>P < /span>). همچنین، رضایت زناشویی (01/0>P < /span>)، ارتباطات (05/0>P < /span>)، حل تعارض (05/0>P < /span>) و تحریف آرمانی (01/0>P < /span>) در مادران، می‌توانند خودپندارۀ دختران
نوجوان را پیش‌بینی کنند افزون بر این، زیرمقیاس‌های رضایت زناشویی می‌توانند 25
درصد تغییرات در اضطراب و33 درصد تغییرات در خودپندارۀ دختران نوجوان را پیش‌بینی
کنند (01/0>P < /span>). به‌طور کلی،
نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که رضایت زناشویی مادران در پیش‌بینی اضطراب و خودپندارۀ
دختران نوجوان نقش دارد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Mothers' Marital Satisfaction on Predicting Anxiety and Self- Concept of Female Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ehsan Taghizadeh 1
  • Narges Mohammadi 2

چکیده [English]

 The
aim of this study was to investigate the role of mothers' marital satisfaction
on the prediction of self-concept and anxiety of female adolescents. The study
was a descriptive and correlation research. The population of the study
consisted of all female students in the third grade of guidance schools of Tehran
in the academic year 2011-2012 (1390-91s.c.).
144 students of fourth education region in Tehran were selected through cluster
random sampling. Research instruments included Cattell's Anxiety Questionnaire (1960), Carl Rogers’ Self-concept
Questionnaire (1957) and short form of ENRICH Marital inventory (Olson,
1989).The data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and regression analysis. The results of the study indicated that
mothers' marital satisfaction, communication, conflict resolution and idealistic
distortion can predict anxiety in female adolescents (P < 0.05). Also, mothers' marital satisfaction (P < 0.01), communication (P < 0.05), conflict resolution (P < 0.05),
and idealistic distortion (P < 0.01) can predict self-concept in female adolescents. Moreover, subscales of Marital
satisfaction can predict 25%
of variation in anxiety and 33% of variation in self-concept of female
adolescents (P < 0.01). In sum, the results of the study indicate that
mothers' marital satisfaction has a role in predicting anxiety and self-concept
of female adolescents. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital satisfaction
  • Anxiety
  • self–concept
  • female adolescents

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