نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی

3 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش مقایسۀ
نظام‌های مغزی ـ رفتاری، سرسختی روان‌شناختی و تحمل ابهام در افراد سوء مصرف‌کنندۀ
مواد و افراد عادی بود. روش پژوهش از نوع تحقیقات علّی مقایسه‌ای، و
جامعۀ آماری آن همۀ معتادان شهرستان ارومیه در سال 1391 بود. 50 نفر با استفاده از
روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای از پنج مرکز ترک اعتیاد ارومیه انتخاب و 50 نفر از افراد
عادی نیز با آنان همتاسازی شدند. داده‌های پژوهشی به کمک پرسشنامه شخصیتی گری ویلسون (GWPQ، 1989)، پرسشنامۀ زمینه‌یابی دیدگاههای شخصی
(کوباسا، 1970)، و مقیاس
تحمل ابهام (لین، 1993) جمع‌آوری گردید. داده‌های آماری با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره (مانوا) تجزیه و
تحلیل شدند. تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که بین افراد سوءِ مصرف‌کنندۀ مواد و افراد
عادی در نظام‌های مغزی ـ رفتاری، سرسختی روان‌شناختی و تحمل ابهام تفاوت معنی‌داری
وجود دارد (001/0P < ). در خرده مقیاس نظام بازداری
رفتاری، سرسختی روان‌شناختی و تحمل ابهام، نمرات افراد سوءِ مصرف‌کنندۀ مواد به‌طور
معناداری کمتر از افراد عادی، اما در نظام گرایش رفتاری نمرات آنان به‌طور
معناداری بیشتر از افراد عادی بود. نتایج نشان داد که برخی از صفات شخصیتی مانند
نظام‌های مغزی ـ رفتاری، سرسختی روان‌شناختی و تحمل ابهام نقش مهمی در گرایش به
سوء مصرف مواد دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Brain- Behavior Systems, Psychological Hardiness and Ambiguity Tolerance in Substance Abusers and Normal People

نویسندگان [English]

  • mojtaba salehi 1
  • behruz khosravian 2
  • mansur agashte 3

چکیده [English]

 The aim of the
present study was to compare
the brain- behavior systems, psychological hardiness and ambiguity tolerance in substance abusers
and normal people. The
study was a causal comparative research.
Statistical population included all
drug users in 2011
(1391s.c.) in the city of Urmia.
50
people were selected through cluster sampling from five drug rehabilitation centers in Urmia
and 50 normal participants were matched with them. Data were collected with the Gray-Wilson Personality
Questionnaire (GWPQ, 1989), Kubasa Personal Perspectives Survey Questionnaire
(1970), and the Scale of Ambiguity Tolerance (Lin, 1993). Data were analyzed through
multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Analysis of data showed that there
were significant differences in brain behavioral systems, hardiness and
ambiguity tolerance between substance abusers and normal group (P < 0.001). Substance
abusers, scores in the behavioral inhibition system subscale, hardiness and ambiguity tolerance, were lower than the
normal group but their
scores in behavioral approach system were higher than the normal group.
Results indicated that some personality traits such as brain-behavior systems, hardiness and ambiguity
tolerance may have an important role in tendency to substance abuse. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • brain behavioral systems
  • behavioral inhibition system
  • behavioral approach system
  • psychological hardiness
  • ambiguity tolerance

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