نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 استادیار دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی کودکان با نیازهای خاص دانشگاه اصفهان

5 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی
هیجان و درک هیجانات در اختلال وسواسی ـ اجباری، اختلال اضطراب منتشر، اختلال
اضطراب اجتماعی و افراد بهنجار بود. روش این پژوهش از نوع علّی ـ مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعۀ
آماری پژوهش را کلیه بیماران زن و مرد مبتلا به
این سه اختلال در مراکز روانپزشکی خصوصی شهر شیراز (سال 1391 و 1392) تشکیل
دادند که از میان آنان 300 بیمار (در هر گروه اختلال، 100 بیمار) با روش نمونه‌گیری
در دسترس انتخاب شدند.آزمودنی‌های بهنجار نیز شامل 100 نفر از همراهان بیماران
بودند. شرکت‌کنندگان پرسشنامه‌های تنظیم شناختی هیجان (گارنفسکی و همکاران، 2001)،
نارسایی هیجانی تورنتوـ20 مقوله‌ای (بگبی و همکاران، 1994) و سلامت عمومی (گلدبرگ و
هیلیر، 1979) را تکمیل کردند. نتایج تحلیل
واریانس چندمتغیره و آزمون تعقیبی توکی نشان داد که سه گروه بیمار در مقایسه با
گروه بهنجار راهبردهای غیرانطباقی تنظیم شناختی هیجان بیشتر، راهبردهای انطباقی
کمتر و درک ضعیف‌تری از هیجان‌ها را گزارش دادند (001/0>P < /span>). در استفاده از راهبردهای انطباقی و درک ضعیف هیجانات
بین سه گروه بیمار تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (001/0>P < /span>). به‌طور کلی، راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان و درک
هیجان‌ها در این اختلالات به‌صورت متفاوتی بروز می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Perceived Effects of Predisposing Male Adolescents to Addiction (Family, Attachment, Belief)

نویسندگان [English]

  • rohalah ahoun 1
  • Ma’soumeh Esmaeily 2
  • Farahnaz Shakehnia 3
  • Ali reza Akhlaghi 4
  • Mohammad Sadegh Montazeri 5

چکیده [English]

 The aim of this study was to examin if perceived effects
can predispose male adolescents to addiction. The population included addicted male adolescents in Tehran Reformatory and male high school students from District the two in Tehran in 2012. The sample
was 33 of addicted male adolescents from Reformatory Who were selected via purposeful random sampling, and 33 students of male high school students which were chosen by cluster sampling. The research type was qualitative.
Data were collected by an open-ended questionnaire, a semi-structured interview. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Descriptive statistical analyses and frequency
tables were used. The Chi square test was used to examine the differences
between groups. The addicted sample in the three factors of family,
attachment and belief had more pathology than students. Chi square findings revealed a significant
difference between the two groups regarding indices of their parents
education, age, job, life status, number of siblings, conflict of parents, emotional deprivation, feelings of
deprivation and failure, childhood deprivation, and attention to social
and religious values (P < 0.001). There was no a significant difference
regarding the feeling of being inferior or worthless among family members (P>0.005). The findings have important
implications concerning prevention and therapy for adolescents disposed
to addiction. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • adolescents
  • Addiction
  • reformatory

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