نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش مقایسۀ فراوانی ویژگی‌های ترسیمی کودکان بدسرپرست با کودکان عادی 5 تا 11 سال، براساس آزمون ترسیم خانواده کرمن است. پژوهش از نوع علی ـ مقایسه‌ای بود.کودکان بدسرپرست (15 دختر و 15 پسر) به‌صورت تصادفی از میان خیریه‌های منطقۀ یک تهران انتخاب شدند و کودکان دارای والدین عادی (15 پسر و 15 دختر) نیز به‌صورت تصادفی از پیش‌دبستانی‌ها و دبستان‌های همان منطقه انتخاب شدند تا شرکت‌کنندگان از نظر اقتصادی و فرهنگی بهتر همتا شوند. ابزار پژوهش شامل آزمون ترسیم خانواده مدل کرمن (کرمن، 1964) بود. مقایسۀ ترسیم کودکان در شاخص‌های: «حذف والدین»، «همسان‌سازی هشیار»، «پویایی ترسیم» (ریخت حسی‌ ـ تعقلی)، «اولین شخص ترسیم شده» و «سطح ترسیمی خطوط کمرنگ و پررنگ» صورت گرفت. در این پژوهش از روش آماری «خی‌دو» استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که بین نوع سرپرستی و فراوانی ترسیم اولین شخص ترسیم شده، حذف کامل، همسان‌سازی هشیار و پویایی ترسیم (ریخت حسی‌ـ تعقلی) تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (01/0P < ). بین نوع سرپرستی و سطح ترسیمی (کمرنگ ـ پررنگ) این تفاوت دیده نشد. نتیجه حاصل از یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که بین ارزنده‌سازی و ناارزنده‌سازی در کودکان بدسرپرست و کودکان عادی تفاوت وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Frequency of Drawing Characteristics of Children With Bad Parenting and Normal Children Between 5-11 based on Draw‐A‐Family Test

چکیده [English]

The present research aimed to compare frequency of drawing characteristics of children aged 5-11, who were experiencing bad parenting and children experiencing normal parenting according to Corman Family Drawing Test. The research was causal-comparitive. The children under bad parenting (15 girls and 15 boys) were randomly selected from Tehran’s charities in zone one and children with normal parenting (15 girls and 15 boys) were randomly selected from preschools and conditions primary schools in the same zone to better match the participants echonomic and cultural. The research instrument was Corman Family Drawing Test (Corman, 1964). The drawings of children were compared in the indicators of elimination of parents, conscious identification, drawing dynamics (intellectual-sensory form), the first drawn person, and levels of graphical extension (pale-bold). To analyze the data chi square test was used. The results demonstrated that there was a significant difference (P < 0.01) between the types of parenting and the freqency in drawing of first drawn person, complete elimination, conscious identification and drawing dynamics (intellectual-sensory form). There was no significant difference between type of parenting and levels of graphical extension (pale-bold).Finally, the results of this study showed that there was difference between the two groups of children in valuation and devaluation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • bad parenting
  • normal parenting
  • drawing characteristics
  • family drawing test

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