نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه پیام‌نور

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف تعیین نقش راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان در پیش‌بینی علایم افسردگی انجام شده است. روش این پژوهش از نوع همبستگی است و از بین دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام‌نور اصفهان، 262 نفر از رشته‌های مختلف به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامۀ راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان (گارنفسکی و همکاران، 2002) و آزمون نشانه‌های اختلالات روانیSCL-90 (دروگاتیس و همکاران، 1973) روی گروه نمونه اجرا شد. داده‌های پژوهش با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون گام به گام تحلیل گردید. نتایج تحلیل نشان داد که از بین 9 مقیاس راهبرد تنظیم شناختی هیجان، به ترتیب؛ فاجعه‌بار خواندن، پذیرش، تمرکز مجدد بر برنامه‌ریزی و نشخوار فکری همراه با استرس اخیر بر افسردگی تأثیر داشته‌اند و پیش‌بینی‌کننده معنادار آن هستند (001/0P < ). اما راهبردهای سرزنش خود، سرزنش دیگران، بازارزیابی مثبت، تمرکز مجدد مثبت و کم‌اهمیت شماری بر افسردگی تأثیر نداشته است و از معادله حذف شدند. این نتایج رهنمودهایی به‌منظور پیشگیری از بیماری افسردگی از طریق اصلاح راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان ارائه می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in the Prediction of Depression

نویسنده [English]

  • azam salehi

چکیده [English]

The goal of the present study was to determine the role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in predicting depression. In this correlation study, 262 Isfahan Payame noor University students from different fields were selected by multi-stage random sampling method. Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Questionaire (Garnefski et al., 2002) and SCL-90 (Derogatis et al., 1973), Were administered. Research data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression. The results of stepwise regression analysis showed that from among of the nine scales of cognitive emotion regulation strategies scale, catastrophizing, acceptance, refocusing on planning, rumination, and recent stress, respectively, influence and significantly predict depression (P < 0.001). But, self-blame, blaming others, positive reappraisal, positive refocusing and putting into perspective strategies had no effect on depression and were removed from the equation. These results provide guidelines for the prevention of depression through modification of cognitive emotion regulation strategies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive emotion regulation strategies
  • Depression
  • Prediction

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