نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان (خوراسگان)

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان (خوراسگان)

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تأثیر مشاورۀ گروهی بخشش‌محور بر سازگاری و کیفیت زندگی زنان مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاورۀ شهرستان نجف‌آباد انجام شد. این پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون و گروه گواه است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش زنانی بودند که مشکلات زناشویی داشتند و در بهار 1393 به مراکز مشاورۀ شهر نجف‌آباد مراجعه کرده بودند. در ابتدا با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده 3 مرکز از بین 5 مرکز مشاورۀ موجود شهرستان نجف‌آباد انتخاب شد. سپس، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس 36 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه از آن مراکز انتخاب شدند و در یک گروه گواه و یک گروه آزمایش به‌طور تصادفی جایگزین شدند (در هر گروه 18 نفر). پس از اجرای پیش‌آزمون که با استفاده از پرسشنامۀ سازگاری اجتماعی (بل، 1961) و مقیاس کیفیت زندگی (سازمان بهداشت جهانی، 1996) به عمل آمد، گروه آزمایش 8 جلسۀ هفتگی مشاورۀ بخشش‌محور داشت. در نهایت، پس‌آزمون نیز با همان ابزارها بر روی هر دو گروه انجام گرفت. نتایج تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد که مشاورۀ بخشش‌محور در افزایش کیفیت زندگی تأثیر معناداری داشته است (05/0P < ). همچنین، این آموزش در افزایش سازگاری زنان مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره نیز تأثیر معناداری داشت (05/0P < ). نتایج این پژوهش می‌تواند در افزایش سازگاری و کیفیت زندگی زنان به‌کار گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Forgiveness-based Group Counseling on Adjustment and Quality of Life in Women Referring to Counseling Centers in Najafabad Town

نویسنده [English]

  • Felor Khayatan 2

چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to examine the effect of forgiveness-based group counseling on adjustment and quality of life in women referring to counseling centers in Najafabad town. The research was semi-empirical with pretest-posttest and control group design. Statistical population included women with marital problems who were referred to counseling centers in Najafabad town in the Spring of 2014. At first, 3 out of 5 counseling centers in Najafabad were selected through simple sampling method. Then, 36 persons were selected through convenience sampling method as the sample and were randomly assigned into one experimental and one control group (each group, 18 persons). After administering pretest to both experimental and control groups by Social Adjustment Questionnaire (Bell, 1961) and Quality of life Scale (World Health Organization, 1996), the experimental group received 8 weekly sessions of forgiveness-based counseling training. Finally, posttest was administered by the same measures to both groups. The results of multivariate analysis of covariance showed that forgiveness-based counseling had a significant effect on quality of life (P≤0.05). Also, the training had a significant effect on improving womens’s adjustment (P≤0.01). The results of the study may be used to improve women’s adjustment and quality of life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • forgiveness-based group counseling
  • Women
  • adjustment
  • quality of life

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