نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشجوی دکترای دانشگاه اصفهان

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 دانشجوی دکترای دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه حمایت اجتماعی و اضطراب اجتماعی در مادران کودکان مبتلا به فلج مغزی، سندرم داون، اتیسم و مادران کودکان سالم در سال 1392 در اصفهان بود. روش این مطالعه از نوع علّی مقایسه‌ای بود. نمونه این پژوهش 90نفر از مادران کودکان با نیازهای خاص (30 نفر سندرم داون،30 نفر اتیسم و30 نفر فلج مغزی) و30 نفر از مادران کودکان عادی مدارس ابتدایی شهرستان اصفهان بودکه به‌طور تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از مقیاس حمایت اجتماعی (نوربک، 1981) و مقیاس هراس اجتماعی (کانر و همکاران، 2000) استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری (مانوا) نشان دادکه بین مادران کودکان با نیازهای خاص و مادران کودکان عادی در اضطراب اجتماعی و حمایت اجتماعی تفاوت معنی‌دار وجود دارد (001/0>P). علاوه بر این، مقایسه گروهها نشان داد که مادرانی که فرزندی اوتیسم دارند بیش از مادرانی که فرزند مبتلا به سندرم داون یا فلج مغزی دارند اصطراب اجتماعی را تجربه می‌کنند (001/0>P). در نهایت، مادران کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم، در مقایسه با سایر مادران مود مطالعه در این پژوهش، بیشترین سطح اضطراب اجتماعی را تجربه می‌کردند (001/0>P).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing Social Support and Social Anxiety between Mothers of Children with Special Needs and Mothers of Normal Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahnaz jadidi 1
  • soheila safary 2
  • maryam jadidi 4
  • somayeh jamali 1

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to compare social support and social anxiety of mothers of children with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and autism with mothers of normal children in Isfahan in 2013 (1392s.c.). A causal-comparative study was used in this research. The research sample which was selected randomly consisted of 90 mothers of children with special needs (30 mothers of children with down syndrome, 30 mothers of children with autism and 30 mothers of children with cerebral palsy) and 30 mothers of normal children attending primary schools in Isfahan. To collect the data, Social Support Questionnaire (Norbeck,1981) and Social Phobia Inventory (Conner et al., 2000) were used. The results of multivariate analysis of variance indicated that there were significant differences between mothers of children with special needs and mothers of normal children in social support and social anxiety (P < 0.001). Furthermore, comparisons showed that mothers having a child with autism suffered the social anxiety more than mothers having a child with Down syndrome or a child with cerebral palsy (P < 0.001). Finally mothers of children with autism experienced the highest level of social anxiety compared to the rest of mothers studied in the research (P < 0.001).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social support
  • social anxiety
  • mothers of children with special needs

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