نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان (خوراسگان) ، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش پیش‌بینی بهزیستی معنوی سالمندان از طریق مؤلفه‌های سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی (خودکارآمدی، امیدواری، تاب‌آوری و خوش‌بینی) بود. طرح پژوهش از نوع رابطه‌ای بود و جامعۀ آماری پژوهش سالمندان شهر اصفهان بودند که از طریق نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، 245 نفر از میان آنها انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل مقیاس بهزیستی معنوی (محقق‌ساخته، گل پرور و همکاران، 1394)،‌ و پرسشنامۀ سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی (مک‌گی، 2011) بودند. داده‌ها از طریق ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون همزمان چندگانه تحلیل شدند.یافته‌ها نشان دادند که بین مؤلفه‌های سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی (خودکارآمدی، امیدواری، تاب‌آوری و خوش‌بینی) و بهزیستی معنوی در سالمندان رابطۀ مثبت معناداری وجود دارد (01/0>P < /span>). نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه به شیوۀ همزمان نیز نشان داد که از بین چهار مؤلفۀ سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی، خودکارآمدی (01/0>P < /span>)، تاب‌آوری (05/0>P < /span>) و خوش‌بینی (01/0>P < /span>) به‌طور معناداری قادر به پیش‌بینی بهزیستی معنوی سالمندان هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Senile People’s Spiritual Well Being through Psychological Capital Components

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Golparvar 1
  • Mohhamad Reza Mosahebi 2

چکیده [English]

The present research is aimed at predicting senile spiritual well being through psychological capital components (self efficacy, hope, resiliency and optimism). Our research design was relational and the population was the senile people in Isfahan, Iran. 245 persons were selected through accessible sampling. Research instruments consisted of Spiritual Well-being Scale (Golparvar et al, 2015) and the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Mc Gee, 2011). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and enter method multiple regression analysis. The results showed that there were positive significant relationships between psychological capital components (self efficacy, hope, resiliency and optimism) and senile people’s spiritual well-being (P < 0.01). Also the results of enter method multiple regression analysis showed that from among these components self-efficacy (P < 0.01), resiliency (P < 0.05) and optimism (P < 0.01) have predictive power of spiritual well being in senile people.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • spiritual well being
  • psychological capital components
  • senile people

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