نویسندگان

عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش بررسی رابطۀ تحولی میان ارزش‌های انسانی بنیادی و ویژگی‌های شخصیتی در سه دورۀ بزرگسالی در زنان و مردان بود. نمونه 328 نفر (169 زن و 159 مرد) مشتمل بر 3 گروه 1ـ بزرگسال جوان (39ـ20 ساله)، 2ـ بزرگسال میانسال (65ـ40 ساله) و 3ـ بزرگسال سالخورده (88 ـ66) بودند. زمینه‌یاب ارزشی شوارتز (شوارتز و راس، 1995) و پرسشنامۀ کوتاه الگوی پنج‌عاملی شخصیت (رامستد و جان، 2007) اجرا شد. تحلیل همبستگی حاکی از رابطۀ مثبت معنی‌دار میان «ارزش‌های متمرکز بر فرد» با ویژگی‌های شخصیتی «برونگرایی»، «گشودگی در مقابل تغییر» و رابطۀ منفی معنی‌داری با ویژگی شخصیتی «توافق‌پذیری» بود. همچنین رابطۀ مثبت معنی‌دار میان «ارزش‌های متمرکز بر جمع» با ویژگی‌های شخصیتی «توافق‌پذیری» و «بیداری وجدان» و رابطۀ منفی معنی‌دار با ویژگی شخصیتی «برونگرایی» بود (05/0>P < /span>). نتایج تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد که میان گروههای سنی در بعد ارزش‌های متمرکز بر جمع تفاوت وجود داشت (05/0>P < /span>). روند نمودار صعودی بود و در محدودۀ بزرگسالی دوم به بالاترین حد خود رسید. میان گروههای جنسی در بعد ارزش‌های متمرکز بر فرد تفاوت معنی‌دار بود (05/0>P < /span>) و مردان بیشترین میانگین نمرات را داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Developmental Relationship between Dimensions of Basic Human Values and Personality traits in Three Stages of Adulthood in Females and Males

نویسندگان [English]

  • seyedeh razieh Tabaeian
  • shole amiri

چکیده [English]

The aim was to investigate the relationship between the dimensions of basic human values and personality traits of three adulthood stages in females and males. A sample of 328 people (169 women and 159 men) was used. The participants were divided into three age groups: young adults (20-39) middle aged adults (40-65) and old adults (66-88). As for the instruments, the Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) (Schowartz and Ross, 1995) and A 10-item short version of the big five inventory (Rammstedt & John, 2007) were used. The results of correlational analysis between dimensions of basic human values and personality traits showed a significant positive relationship between personal focus values and extraversion, openness to change and a significant negative correlation with regard to agreeableness. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between social focus values and agreeableness and conscienceness, while there was a negative correlation with extraversion (P < 0.05). The results of multivariate covariance analysis showed a significant difference among age groups with regard to social focus values (P < 0.05). The development trend was increasing and the second age group had the maximum social focus values. Among the gender groups regarding personal focus values the difference was significant (P < 0.05). Males showed the highest mean scores regarding the personal focus values aspect.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • development
  • basic human values
  • personality traits and adulthood

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