نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی، مؤسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی(ره)، ایران

3 عضو هیأت علمی گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش به‌منظور برآورد روایی و پایایی نسخۀ تجدیدنظر شدۀ مقیاس اولیۀ اسلامی حسادت اجرا شده است. این مطالعه از نوع همبستگی است و در آن 1918 نفر از 30000 دانشجوی مرتبط با ادارۀ مشاورۀ نهاد مقام معظم رهبری (حفظه‌الله) به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند. دانشجویان، آزمون اولیۀ حسادت (ولی‌زاده، 1389) را تکمیل کردند. در این پژوهش برای بررسی روایی مقیاس، از روش‌های تحلیل عاملی (اکتشافی و تأییدی) و روایی همزمان استفاده شد. تحلیل عاملی یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که پرسشنامۀ تجدیدنظر شدۀ مقیاس اسلامی حسادت، چهار عامل (آزردگی از موفقیت دیگران، احساس محرومیت و حقارت، تمایل به سلب نعمت از دیگران و اندوه مقایسه) دارد و از روایی همزمان مناسب برخوردار است. برای بررسی پایایی مقیاس از روش بررسی همسانی درونی با آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد. آلفای کرونباخ 93/0 نشان‌دهندۀ پایایی قوی این مقیاس است. براساس یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان گفت این پرسشنامه دارای روایی و پایایی بالا است که می‌توان با کاربرد آن، صفات اخلاقی ـ شخصیتی مرتبط با حسادت افراد را مورد مطالعه قرار داد و در کارهای بالینی و پژوهش‌های آتی از آن استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Reliability, Validity and Factor Structure of the Revised Islamic Scale of Envy (ISE-R)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Ali Haratiyan 1
  • Mohammad Reza Ahmadi 2

چکیده [English]

The present research was conducted to evaluate the reliability and validity of the revised version of the original Islamic Scale of Envy. This is a correlational research, in which from 30000 college students associated with the Consultation Department of the Supreme Leader’s Office at universities, 1918 persons were randomly selected. The students completed the original test of Envy Scale (Vali-Zadeh, 2010/1389s.c.). For the validity of the scale, factor analysis methods (exploratory and confirmatory) and concurrent validity were used. Factor analysis of the data showed that the revised form of the Islamic Scale of Envy have four factors (including sense of irritation by others’ success, sense of deprivation and inferiority, tendency to deprive others of their blessings, and sorrow of being compared) and have a good concurrent validity. To avaluate the reliability of the scale, internal consistency was measured by Cronbach’s Alpha yielding 0.93 which means a highly reliable scale. Based on findings of the reseach, it can be concluded that this questionnaire has a high reliability and validity, which can assist us in investigating people’s temperamental and personality envy-related traits and it can be employed for clinical activities and future studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • factor analysis
  • envy
  • Jealousy
  • validity
  • Reliability
  • Psychometric properties

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