نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رشته روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، تعیین تأثیر آموزش گروهی تنظیم هیجان بر کاهش نشانه‌های استرس ادراک‌شدۀ زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه بود. پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌آزمایشی و طرح پژوهش با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و گروه گواه و پیگیری بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش همۀ زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه در شهر اصفهان بودند که کمتر از یک سال از تشخیص سرطان سینه در آنها می‌گذشت. از بین جامعۀ آماری 30 زن مبتلا به سرطان سینه ارجاع داده شده به مرکز خیریه در شهر اصفهان به شیوۀ داوطلبانه انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه جایگزین شدند. گروه آزمایش، آموزش گروهی تنظیم هیجان دریافت کردند و به گروه گواه آموزشی داده نشد. آموزش در هشت جلسه (هفته‌ای دو جلسۀ 45 دقیقه‌ای) بر روی گروه آزمایش انجام شد. همۀ آزمودنی‌ها قبل از آغاز آموزش و پس از آن، به پرسشنامۀ DASS21 مربوط به استرس (لاویباند، 1995) جواب دادند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که نمرات استرس زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه شرکت‌کننده در گروه آموزش تنظیم هیجان، نسبت به گروه گواه تفاوت معناداری داشته است (05/0P < /span><). بنابراین آموزش تنظیم هیجان، نشانه‌های استرس ادراک‌شده را به‌طور معنی‌داری کاهش می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Emotion Regulation Group Training on Perceived Stress in Women with Breast Cancer in Isfahan

چکیده [English]

The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of emotion regulation group training on perceived stress symptoms in women with breast cancer. The research was semi- experimental with pre-test – posttest design and a follow-up. The population included all the women who were diagnosed with less-than-a-year breast cancer. From among them, thirty women, who were referred to the Charity Center in Isfahan, volunteered to participate in the study, were sampled, and were randomly assigned to experimental group and control group. The former received emotion regulation group training, while the latter did not receive any training. The experimental group received training in 8 sessions (two 45-minute sessions a week). All participants answered the items related to stress in Depressive Anxiety Stress Scale-21 before and after training. Analysis of covariance was used to analyse data. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the scores of experimental group and those of control group (P<0.05). Therefore, emotion regulation group training significantly reduced the symptoms of perceived stress in women with breast cancer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • perceived stress
  • emotion regulation
  • women with breast cancer

Allen, L.B., McHugh, R.K., &amp; Barlow, D.H. (2009). Emotional Disorder. Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorder. New York, The Guilford Press. Andersen, B., Golden-Kreutz, D.M., Dilillo, V. (2001) Cancer (Chapter 43). In Baum A, Revenson TA, Singer JA. (Eds.). Handbook of Health Psychology. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers; 709-721. Badger, T., Segrin, C., Meek, P., Lopez, A.M., &amp; Bonham, E. (2004). A case study of telephone interpersonal counseling for women with breast cancer and their partners. Oncology Nursing Forum, 31, 997-1003. Blackledge, J.T., Hayes, S.C. (2006) Using acceptance and commitment training in the support of parents of children diagnosed with autism. Child &amp; Family Behavior Therapy; 28: 1-18. Clark, K.D. (2010) The Relationship of Perceived Stress and Self-Efficacy Among Correctional Employees in Close-Security and Medium-Security-Level Institutions. Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Psychology, Walden University. Crawford, J.R., Henry, J.D. (2003). The depression anxiety stress scale (DASS): Normative data and latent structure in a large non-clinical sample. British journal of clinical psychology: 42: 111-131. Greco, C.M., Rudy, T.E., Manzi, S. Effects of a stress-reduction program on psychological function, pain, and physical function of systemic lupus erythematosus patients: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 51(4): 625-34. Diefendorff, J.M., Richard, E.M., Yang, J. (2008). Linking emotion regulation strategies to affective events and negative emotions at work. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(20), 498–508. Elliot, A.J., Chirkov, V.I., Kim, Y., &amp; Sheldon, K.M. (2001) A cross-Cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) Personal goals. Psychological Science, 12, 505-645. Gratz, K.L., Gunderson, J.G. (2006). Preliminary Data on an Acceptance-Based Emotion Regulation Group Intervention for Deliberate Self-Harm Among Women With Borderline Personality Disorder. Behav Ther, 37(1): 25–35. Gross, J.J. (2001). Emotion regulation in adulthood: timing is everything. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 10(2), 214-219. Gross, J.J., John, O.P. (2003).) Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships’ and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 85: 348–362. Harkness, K,L., &amp; Luther, J. (2001) Clinical risk factors for the generation of life events in major depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110 (4), 564- 572. Hawang, J.E. (2006). A processing model of emotion regulation in sights from the attachment system. Doctoral dissertation of philosophy, College of arts and Sciences Georgia State University. John, O.P., Gross, J.J. (2004). Healthy and unhealthy emotion regulation: personality processes, individual differences, and life span development.; 72(6):1301–33. Jorgensen, R.S., Johnson, B.T., Kolodziej, M.E., Schreer, G.E. (1996). Elevated blood pressure and personality: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin; 120(2): 293–320. Kiecolt- Glaser, J.K. &amp; Speicher, C.E. &amp; Holiday, J. E. &amp; Glaser, R. (2002) Stress and the transformation of lymphocytes by Epstein- barr virus. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 7, 1-12. Kissan D.W., Bloch, S., Simth, G.C., Miach, P. (2003). Cognitive –existential group psychotherapy for women with primary breast cancer. Psychological oncology;12(6): 532–46. Lebel, S., Rosberger, Z., Edgar, L., Devins, G.M. Comparison of four common stressors across the breast cancer trajectory. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. (2007); 63(3), 225-232. Lovibond, S.H., Lovibond, P.F. (1995) Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Psychology foundation. Sydney. Lueboonthavatchai, P. (2007) Prevalence and Psychological Factors of anxiety and depression in Breast Cancer Patients. Medical association Thailand Journal. Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.12(2): 52-56. Luecken Linda, J., Compass Bruce, E. Sress. (2004). coping and immune function in breast cancer. Society of Behavioral Medicine; 4(4): 336-4. McDermott, M.J., Tull, M.T., Gratz, K.L., Daughters, S.B., Lejuez, C.W. (2009). The role of anxiety sensitivity and difficulties in emotion regulation in posttraumatic stress disorder among crack/cocaine dependent patients in residential substance abuse treatment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders; 23(5): 591–9. Mennin, D.S., Heimberg, R.G., Turk, C.L., Fresco, D.M. (2005). Preliminary evidence for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Behavior Research and Therapy; 43: 1281–1310. Phisaiphanth, S. (2007). The relationship of internal coping resources and mental health problems in early breast cancer patients. (Doctorate thesis of Nursing science in Mahidol University). Thailand. http://mulinet10.li.mahidol.ac.th/e.thesis.