نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی دانشگاه آزاد اراک، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اراک، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش تعیین اثربخشی درمان بازخورد عصبی (نوروفیدبک) بر عملکرد کودکان دبستانی دارای اختلال یادگیری در مقیاس‌های آزمون وکسلر بود. این پژوهش با روش نیمه‌آزمایشی و طرح پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون با یک گروه انجام شد. جامعۀ آماری این پژوهش همۀ کودکان مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری شهر اصفهان در سال 1393 بود که به مراکز مشاوره و درمانی این شهر مراجعه کرده و همچنین در پایه‌های اول تا پنجم ابتدایی مشغول به تحصیل بودند. از میان این مراجعان 15 نفر که دارای تشخیص اختلالات یادگیری بودند، به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از دستگاه نوروفیدبک و آزمون وکسلر کودکان فرم 4  استفاده شد. در این مطالعه کودکان 20 جلسه (45 دقیقه‌ای) درمان نوروفیدبک به مدت 7 تا 10 هفته دریافت کردند و در دو مرحلۀ پیش و پس از درمان با آزمون وکسلر کودکان فرم 4 ارزیابی شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t وابسته تجزیه و تحلیل گردید. یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین نمرات پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون به دست آمده در هر کدام از مقیاس‌ها تفاوت معنادار وجود داشت (05/0>P < /span>). بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که درمان نوروفیدبک بر عملکرد کودکان دورۀ دبستان دارای اختلال یادگیری در مقیاس‌های آزمون وکسلر مؤثر واقع شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback Therapy on the Performance of Primary School Students with Learning Disability within Wechsler Intelligent Test for children

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam azadi 1
  • davood taghvayi 2
  • shima chehreyi 2

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of neurofeedback therapy on the performance of the elementary school students with learning disabilities within Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children. This research was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design. The statistical population was all the students with learning disability studying in the first to fifth grade of primary schools and referred to counseling and treatment centers in Isfahan in 2014. Among them,15 students were selected through available sampling method. To collect data, the neurofeedback device and Wechsler Intelligence Test For Children (Form 4) were used. Students received 20 sessions of 45-minute neurofeedback treatment for 7-10 weeks. They responded to Wechsler Intelligent Test for children before and after the treatment as pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed by dependent t-test. The results suggested that there was a significant relationship between the pre-test and post-test scores obtained from all the scales (P<0.05). Therefore it can be concluded that the neurofeedback therapy was effective in improving the performance of children with learning disability in Wechsler Intelligent Test for children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • neurofeedback
  • learning disability
  • Elementary School Students
  • Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children

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