نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نجف‌آباد، اصفهان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تعیین اثربخشی روان‌درمانی مبتنی بر کیفیت زندگی بر سلامت روان دختران نابینای شهر اصفهان بود. نوع پژوهش شبه‌تجربی و طرح آن پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون باگروه گواه و پیگیری بود. جامعۀ پژوهش همۀ دختران نابینای 20 تا 40 ساله بودند که در سال 1393 در سازمان بهزیستی استان اصفهان پرونده داشتند. با نمونه‌گیری در دسترس 40 نفر از دختران نابینا انتخاب شدند و به‌طور تصادفی در دوگروه آزمایش و گواه قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش به مدت 8 جلسۀ90 دقیقه‌ای تحت آموزش کیفیت زندگی‌درمانی (پاداش و همکاران، 1389) قرار گرفتند و سپس هر دو گروه به پرسشنامه‌های سلامت روان SCL-90-R (دراگوتیس و همکاران، 1973) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد اثر زمان در متغیر افسردگی معنی‌دار بود. به‌عبارتی از جلسۀ پیش‌آزمون تا پیگیری میزان افسردگی در هر دو گروه به‌طور معناداری کاهش یافته بود (01/0P<). اثر تعامل زمان با گروه در شاخص‌های اضطراب، وسواس و خصومت معنادار بود (01/0P<). به‌عبارتی آموزش در کاهش این سه شاخص بین گروه آزمایشی و گواه در پس‌آزمون و پیگیری تفاوت معنی‌دار ایجاد کرده بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Quality of Life Psychotherapy on Blind Girls’ Mental Health in Isfahan

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad javad khademi 1
  • mohammad reza abedi 2

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of quality of life psychotherapy on blind girls’ mental health in Esfahan. The study was quasi-experimental with pretest, posttest, control group design and a follow up. The population consisted of all blind girls who had records in Isfahan Welfare Organization in 2014. Through convenience sampling, 40 blind girls were selected and randomly assigned into two groups, experimental and control. Experimental group received quality of life psychotherapy for 8 sessions (90 minutes each) and then, both groups completed SCL-90-R personality traits questionnaire (Dragotis et al, 1973). The data were analyzed by analysis of covariance. Time-varying effects of depression were significant, that is, the pre-test rate of depression in both groups decreased significantly (P<0.01).  The interaction of time with the indicators of anxiety, obsession and hostility was significant (P<0.01). In other words, psychotherapy made a significant difference between experimental group and control group in the three indicators of anxiety, obsession and hostility in posttest and follow up.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • quality of life therapy
  • mental health
  • blind girls

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