نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد خانواده درمانی دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، ایران

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، پیش‌بینی نشخوار فکری براساس سازگاری اجتماعی و هیجانی در بیماران مبتلا به وسواس فکری ـ عملی بود. روش پژوهش از نوع همبستگی است. جامعۀ آماری همۀ بیماران دچار اختلال وسواس فکری ـ عملی مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز درمانی دولتی شهر تهران در سال 1391 بودند. نمونۀ شامل 50 بیمار بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس از بین مراجعان به بیمارستان امام حسین(ع) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از آزمون پاسخ نشخواری (هوکسما و مارو، 1991) و سیاهۀ سازگاری (بل، 1961) استفاده شد. داده‌ها از طریق تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون تجزیه و تحلیل گردید. ضریب همبستگی پیرسون حاکی از رابطه منفی و معنادار بین سازگار هیجانی و اجتماعی با نشخوار فکری بود(01/0>P < /span>).  نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که سازگاری اجتماعی و هیجانی به‌طور معنادار نشخوار فکری را پیش‌بینی می‌کنند (05/0>P < /span>). بنابراین با درمان‌هایی که به افزایش سازگاری هیجانی و اجتماعی کمک می‌کنند، می‌توان از بروز نشخوارهای فکری در بیماران مبتلا به وسواس فکری عملی جلوگیری کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Rumination on the Basis of Emotional and Social Adjustments in Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • samaneh behzadpoor 1
  • zahra sadat motahhari 2
  • faramarz sohrabi 3

چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to predict rumination based on social and emotional adjustments in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The research employed a correlational method. The statistical population comprised all patients with OCD who referred to public therapeutic clinics in Tehran in 2012. The sample consisted of 50 patients who were selected by available sampling method from patients who referred to Emam Hossein hospital. Ruminative Response Scale and Bell Adjustment Inventory were used to gather data. Data were analyzed by multiple regression analyses and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of multiple regression analyses indicated that social and emotional adjustment can predict rumination significantly (P<0.05). So, using treatments to help patients to increase their social and emotional adjustments, we can prevent rumination in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • rumination
  • social adjustment
  • Emotional adjustment

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