نویسنده

روانپزشک، عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی نقش مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی در پیش‌بینی استرس والدینی مادران دارای کودک مبتلا به اتیسم بود. روش پژوهش از نوع مطالعات توصیفی ـ همبستگی است. جامعۀ آماری شامل همۀ مادران کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم مشغول به آموزش و درمان در سال 93ـ1392 شهر تهران بودند. از بین مادران با توجه به شرایط ورود به نمونۀ پژوهش50 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامه‌های مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی (آگیلارـ وفایی و آبیاری 2007) و شاخص استرس والدینی (آبیدین، 1995) در مورد آنها اجرا شد. داده‌های به‌دست آمده از طریق رگرسیون همزمان چندگانه تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی با استرس والدینی رابطۀ منفی معنی‌دار دارد ( 001/0 P < /span>=). نتایج نشان داد که مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی 35درصد از واریانس استرس والدینی را پیش‌بینی می‌کند. مؤلفه‌های مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی، همچنین سن و میزان تحصیلات مادران بر استرس والدینی آنان تأثیری نداشت. با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش با استفاده از مقابلۀ مذهبی ایرانی به عنوان یک عامل کلی و درونی می‌توان به ارتقای سلامت روانی مادران کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم کمک کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Iranian Religious Coping in Mothers’ Parenting Stress with Autistic Children

نویسنده [English]

  • Narges Chimeh

چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to investigate the role of Iranian religious coping in predicting mothers’ parenting stress with autistic children. The method of current research was descriptive-correlational and the population consisted of all mothers with autistic children who were educated and treated in Tehran during 2013-2014. Fifty mothers were selected as sample according to inclusion criteria using available sampling. Iranian Religious Coping Scale (Aguilar- Vafaie & Abyari 2007) and Parenting Stress Index questionnaire (Abidin 1995) administered to them. The obtained data were analyzed by multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the Iranian religious coping had a negative significant relationship with parenting stress (P=0.001). Iranian religious coping could predict 35 percent of variance of parenting stress. Iranian religious coping, mothers’ level of education and age had no impact on parenting stress.

According to the results of present research, Iranian religious coping as a general and internal factor could help mothers of autistic children to improve their mental health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iranian religious coping
  • parenting stress
  • autism

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