نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر درمان مبتنی بر مهرورزی بر افسردگی و خودانتقادی دانشجویان دختر بود. بدین منظور یک طرح نیمه‌تجربی از نوع پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون ـ پیگیری با گروه آزمایش و گواه، اجرا گردید. جامعۀ آماری همۀ دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه فرهنگیان اهواز در سال 94ـ1393 بودند که از بین 200 نفر داوطلب، تعداد 40 نفر که نمرۀ آنها در پرسشنامۀ افسردگی بک، یک انحراف معیار بالاتر از میانگین بود، به‌عنوان نمونۀ نهایی انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و گواه (20 نفر) قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامۀ افسردگی بک ویرایش دوم (بک و همکاران، 1996) و پرسشنامۀ خودانتقادی (تامسون و همکاران، 2004) بود. گروه آزمایش به مدت 8 جلسه تحت درمان مبتنی بر مهرورزی قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل کواریانس نشان داد که درمان مبتنی بر مهروزی بر کاهش افسردگی و خودانتقادی (خودانتقادی درونی و خودانتقادی مقایسه‌ای) دانشجویان تأثیر دارد (0001/0P≤).این نتایج در دورۀ پیگیری نیز تداوم یافته بود (0001/0P≤). در مجموع مشخص شد که درمان مبتنی بر مهرورزی ممکن است به‌عنوان روشی جدید و مؤثر در کاهش افسردگی و خودانتقادی دانشجویان مورد استفادۀ روان‌شناسان قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Compassion Focused Therapy on Depression and Self Criticism of Female University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam shariati 1
  • najmeh Hamid 2
  • Esmaeel Hashemi ShaykhShabani 2
  • Kiumars beshlideh 2
  • Ali Marashi 2

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of compassion-based therapy on depression and self criticism of female students. This study employed a semi-experimental method and used a pre-test, post-test and follow up design with experimental and control groups. The population included all female students of university of Farhangian in Ahvaz in 2014 (1393-94s.c.). From among 200 students who were registered to participate in the study, 40 students who had received one standard deviation above the mean in the test of depression, were selected randomly and assigned in the experimental (20 students) and control (students) groups. The tools of this study were Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, et al, 1996) and Levels of Self-Criticism Scale (Thompson, 2004). The experimental group received 8 sessions of the compassion-based therapy. The analysis of covariance showed that compassion-based therapy decreased students’ depression and self criticism (internalizing self-criticism and comparative self-criticism). (P<0.0001). These results significantly persisted after follow-up period. It was then concluded that compassion-based therapy can be used by psychologist as a new and effective method to decrease depression and female students’ self-criticism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Compassion Focus Therapy
  • Depression
  • self criticism
  • female students

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