نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف پیش‌بینی گرایش به رفتارهای پرخطر با باورهای دینی، هیجان‌خواهی، استفاده از رسانه‌ها، آلودگی محیط و متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی در دانشجویان دختر اجرا شد. طرح پژوهش از نوع همبستگی است. جامعۀ آماری همۀ دانشجویان دختر دورۀ کارشناسی دانشگاه اصفهان در سال تحصیلی 94ـ1393 بودند. نمونۀ پژوهش 290 دانشجوی دختر بود که به شیوۀ تصادفی ساده از دانشکده‌های مختلف دانشگاه اصفهان انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل مقیاس خطرپذیری جوانان ایرانی (زاده‌محمدی و احمدآبادی،1390)، پرسشنامۀ سنجش استفاده از رسانه‌های ارتباطی (الیاسی، 1393)، مقیاس هیجان‌طلبی زاکرمن، پرسشنامۀ باورهای دینی (کشاورز، مهرابی و سلطانی‌زاده، 1388)، پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساختۀ سنجش آلودگی محیط و پرسشنامۀ ویژگی‌های جمعیت‌شناختی بود. نتایج حاصل از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد باورهای دینی، هیجان‌خواهی، آلودگی محیط و سن آزمودنی‌ها رابطۀ معنادار با گرایش به رفتارهای پرخطر دارند (01/0P<). تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله‌مراتبی هم نشان داد از بین متغیرهای مرتبۀ اول، خرده‌مقیاس عمل به مناسک دینی، خرده‌مقیاس عدم بازداری از مقیاس هیجان‌خواهی، آلودگی محیط، میزان استفاده از فضاهای اجتماعی مجازی و از بین عوامل مرتبۀ دوم، سن پدر و مادر در مجموع 9/54 درصد از گرایش به رفتارهای پرخطر را تبیین می‌کند (01/0P<).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting the Tendency to High Risk behaviors based on Religious Beliefs, Emotion Seeking, Environmental Polution and Media among Female Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Ali mehrabi 1
  • fahimeh mahmoodi 2
  • Hossein Molavi 1

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to predict the tendency of high risk behaviors based on religious beliefs, emotion seeking, environmental polution and media in female university students. The population included all female students at the University of Isfahan. Thus, in a correlational research design, 290 students were randomly selected and were assessed by Iranian Adolescents Risk Taking Scale (IADS), the Questionnaire for Measurement Rate of Use of Media (elyasi, 1393), Emotion Seeking Scale (Zukerman), Questionnaire of  Religious Beliefs (Keshavarz & et al., 1389), a researcher-made scale for environmental pollution, and the Demographic Questionnaire. Results of Pearson correlation showed that religious beliefs, emotion seeking, squalor milieu, age of testees had significant relationship with high risk behaviors. In addition results of hierarchical  regression showed that from among first rank variables, doing the religious rituals, uninhibition, squalor milieu, the use of virtual and social network; and from among second rank variables parents age can predict 54.9 % of tendency to high risk behaviors in female students(p<0.01).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • high risk behaviors
  • religious beliefs
  • emotion seeking
  • Media
  • female university students

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