نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی نقش خودکارآمدی، هوش هیجانی و سبک‌های فرزندپروری والدین در پیش‌بینی انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی دختران دبیرستانی است. پژوهش از نوع توصیفی همبستگی است. جامعۀ آماری همۀ دانش‌آموزان مقطع دبیرستان شهر اصفهان بودند. نمونه مورد مطالعه 200 دانش‌آموز دختر مقطع دبیرستان بود که به روش تصادفی خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای از بین دو دبیرستان ناحیه 4 و 5 آموزش و پرورش شهر اصفهان انتخاب شدند و پرسشنامه‌های خودکارآمدی عمومی شرر و همکاران (1982)، هوش هیجانی پترایدز و فارنهام (2002)، و انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی والراند و بیسونت (1992) را دانش‌آموزان و پرسشنامه‌های سبک‌های فرزندپروری باومریند (1988) را مادران تکمیل کردند. در تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون همبستگی و تحلیل رگرسیون گام به گام استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد، از بین عوامل خانوادگی و فردی، به ترتیب سبک مقتدرانه، خودکارآمدی و هوش هیجانی پیش‌بینی‌کننده‌های معناداری (01/0P<) برای انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی دختران است. این در حالی بود که سبک‌های سهل‌گیرانه و مستبدانه نقش پیش‌بینی‌کنندگی معناداری در انگیزش پیشرفت تحصیلی نداشتند. یافته‌های پژوهش در کل گویای آن است که سبک‌های فرزندپروری، خودکارآمدی و هوش هیجانی بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان تأثیر می‌گذارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Self-efficacy, Emotional Intelligence and Parenting Styles in Anticipating Academic Achievement Motivation of High School Females

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nayere Parishany 1
  • Sohrab Abdi Zarrin 2

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the study was to explore the role of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and parenting styles in predicting academic achievement motivation of high school female students. The research was descriptive and correlational. The population consisted of all high school girls in Isfahan. The sample under scrutiny was 200 female high school students, chosen randomly using a cluster-multiphasic method from among 2 high schools in educational districts 4 and 5 in Isfahan. The questionnaires for self-efficacy (sherer et al, 1982), emotional intelligence (Petrides & Furnham, 2002) and academic development motivation (Vallerand & Bissonnette, 1992) were completed by the students and parenting styles (Baumrind, 1988) questionnaire was completed by their mothers. A stepwise regression analysis and a correlation test were employed in data analysis. The results showed that from individual and family factors the authoritative style, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence were significant predictores of academic development motivation (ρ<0.01). Meanwhile, authoritarian and permissive styles did not have significant predictive role in academic achievement motivation. The results, generally, show that parenting styles, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence can affect the academic performance of students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • academic achievement motivation
  • Parenting styles
  • Self-efficacy
  • Emotional intelligence
  • High school female students

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