نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش تبیین نقش ابعاد شخصیتی برونگرایی و روان‌رنجوری بر شادی با میانجیگری هوش هیجانی و بهزیستی روانی در دانشجویان از طریق الگوسازی معادلات ساختاری است. این مطالعه از نوع پژوهش‌های همبستگی با استفاده از مدل‌یابی علّی است. جامعۀ آماری 8670 دانشجوی کارشناسی دانشگاه اصفهان و دانشگاه صنعتی بود. نمونه‌ای 410 نفری به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شد. ابزارهای اندازه‌گیری شامل پرسشنامۀ شادی آکسفورد (آرگایل، 1989)، بهزیستی روانی (ریف، 1989)، مقیاس شخصیتی نئو (کاستا و مک‌کرا، 1992)، هوش هیجانی (باران،2000) بود. داده‌ها با رویکرد مدل‌سازی معادلۀ ساختاری کواریانس (نرم‌افزار Amos) و به روش تحلیل مسیر بررسی شد. یافته‌ها بیانگر آن بود که اثر مستقیم متغیرهای برونگرایی، روان‌رنجوری، هوش هیجانی و بهزیستی روانی بر متغیر شادی معنادار است (05/0>P < /font>). همچنین اثر غیرمستقیم متغیر برونگرایی و روان‌رنجوری بر متغیر شادی در صورتی که متغیرهای هوش هیجانی و بهزیستی روانی میانجی این دو متغیر باشند، معنادار است (05/0>P < /font>). به علاوه اثر غیرمستقیم متغیر هوش هیجانی بر شادی در صورتی که بهزیستی روانی میانجی باشد معنادار است (05/0>P < /font>). در نتیجه شادی به واسطۀ ابعاد شخصیتی، هوش هیجانی و بهزیستی روانی پیش‌بینی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of extraversion and neuroticism on happiness in students: The Mediating role of emotional intelligence and psychological well-being

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parinaz Sajjadian 1
  • Mehrdad Kalantari 2
  • Mohammadreza Abedi 2
  • Parisa Nilforooshan 2

چکیده [English]

The aim of the current study was to explain the role of dimensions of personality extraversion and neuroticism on happiness with the Meditation of emotional intelligence and psychological well-being through structural equation modeling. This study was a correlation study using causal modeling. Statistical population was 8670 B.A. students in Isfahan University and Isfahan University of Technology. 410 students were selected through multi-stage random cluster sampling. The instruments were Happiness Inventory (Argyle, 1989), psychological well-being (Ryff, 1989), NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992), Emotional intelligence (Bar-on, 2000). The data were analyzed with covariance based structural equation modeling approach (software Amos) with path analysis method. Results showed that the direct effect of extraversion, neuroticism, emotional intelligence and psychological well-being on happiness were significant (P<0.05). Also Indirect effect extraversion and neuroticism on happiness if the mediator variables were emotional intelligence and psychological well-being were significant (P<0.05). In addition indirect effect of emotional intelligence on happiness if psychological well-being was mediator was significant (P<0.05). As a result, happiness can be predicted due to dimensions of personality, emotional intelligence and psychological well- being.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • happiness
  • extraversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Psychological well-being
  • Students

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