نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، ‌بررسی نقش ویژگی‌های شخصیتی در پیش‌بینی نشانگان وانمودگرایی و افسردگی است. نمونه شامل 220 نفر بود که به‌صورت تصادفی در دسترس از میان نوجوانان دختر بزهکار استان اصفهان که در مراکز اصلاح و تربیت سراسر استان اصفهان در سال 1394ـ1393نگهداری می‌شدند، انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامۀ 5 عاملی بزرگ شخصیت کاستا و مک‌کری (1992)، مقیاس پدیدۀ وانمودگرایی کلانس (1978) و پرسشنامۀ افسردگی بک (1990) بود. داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS تحلیل شدند و سطح معنی‌داری (001/0≥P < /span>) در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون گام به گام نشان داد که روان‌رنجورخویی، برونگرایی و وظیفه‌شناسی در پیش‌بینی وانمودگرایی و روان‌رنجورخویی و برونگرایی در پیش‌بینی افسردگی نقش دارند. با استفاده از ویژ‌گی‌های شخصیتی نوجوانان بزهکار می‌توان وانمودگرایی و افسردگی را در ایشان پیش‌بینی و از ابتلای آنان به این موارد پیشگیری کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying the Role of Personality Traits in Predicting Imposter and Depression Symptoms Among Delinquent High School Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoud heidari 1
  • Abolghasem Nouri 2

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to predict the role of personality traits in predicting imposter and depression symptoms among delinquent high school girls. The sample consisted of 220 girls who were selected by available random sampling from among delinquent high school girls in Isfahan Juvenile Detention Centers in 2014-15. The data collection tools were Costa and McCrea Big Five-Factor Personality Inventory (1992), Clans Imposter Phenomenon Scale (1978) and Beck's Depression Questionnaire (1990). Data were analyzed through step regression at p< .001 level of significance. The results by step regression analysis indicated the role of neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness in the prediction of imposter; and neuroticism and extraversion in the prediction of depression. By using the personality traits of delinquent juveniles it's possible to predict their imposter and depression and prevent them from being affected by these conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Personality traits
  • symptoms and simulacrum
  • Depression

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