نویسنده

کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مقایسۀ عزت نفس و تاب‌آوری بین افراد بینا و نابینای شهر اصفهان انجام شد. پژوهش از نوع علّی ـ مقایسه‌ای است. جامعۀ آماری همۀ نابینایان مرد و زن 20 تا 40 ساله با تحصیلات بالای دیپلم تحت پوشش سازمان بهزیستی، در بهار 1394، در شهر اصفهان بودند. از این میان،60 نفر (30 مرد و 30 زن) با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. 60 نفر از افراد بینا از نظر تحصیلات، سن و جنس با گروه نابینا همتا شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه‌های عزت‌ نفس روزنبرگ (1965) و تاب‌آوری کونور و دیویدسون (2003) بود. داده‌های حاصل با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS19 و تحلیل واریانس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد بین دو گروه بینا و نابینا در میزان تاب‌آوری تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد، اما بین این دو گروه در متغیر عزت‌نفس تفاوت معناداری مشاهده شد (05/0P<).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Self Esteem and Resilience among Blind and Sighted Subjects in Isfahan

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to compare the self-esteem and resilience between blind and sighted subjects in Isfahan. It was a causal-comparative study. The population consisted of all 20 to 40 year-old blinds with high school diploma living in Isfahan in spring 2015. From among them, 60 persons (30 males and 30 females) were selected through convenience sampling method. Then, 60 sighted subjects were matched in terms of level of education, sex and age. Research tools included Rozenberg Self-esteem questionnaire (1965) and Connor-Davidson Resiliency questionnaire (2003). Data were analyzed through variance analyses. The results showed that there were no significant differences between sighted and blind subjects on resiliency but there was a significant difference between the two groups on self-esteem (P<0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self esteem
  • resiliency
  • blinds

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