نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها (ارزیابی عامل فاصله‌گرفتن؛ فرسکو و همکاران، 2007 الف) در نمونه دانشجویی داوطلب از دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های تهران بود. این پژوهش از نوع همبستگی بود و در آن 182 نفر دانشجو، پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها (فرسکو و همکاران، 2007 الف)، پرسشنامه تنظیم هیجان (گراس و جان، 2003)، پرسشنامه افسردگی بک-ویرایش دوم (بک، استیر و براون، 1996) و پرسشنامه اضطراب بک (بک و استیر، 1990) را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با روش همبستگی پیرسون، آلفای کرونباخ و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. همسانی درونی پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها 77/0 به‌دست آمد. به‌منظور بررسی روایی همگرا از خرده‌مقیاس ارزیابی مجدد پرسشنامه تنظیم هیجان استفاده شد و ضریب همبستگی (462/0 = r) به دست آمد. به‌منظور بررسی روایی افتراقی، از خرده‌مقیاس فرونشانی پرسشنامه‌های مذکور استفاده شد. پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها و خرده‌مقیاس فرونشانی همبستگی معنادار نداشتند (01/0>P < /span>). علاوه بر این، رابطه منفی میان پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها و پرسشنامه افسردگی بک-ویرایش دوم (01/0>P < /span>) و پرسشنامه اضطراب بک (01/0>P < /span>) به دست آمد. درنهایت، در تحلیل عامل اکتشافی، دو عامل به‌دست آمد. این پژوهش شواهد امیدبخشی از مشخصات روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه تجربه‌ها در جمعیت غیربالینی دانشجویی را نشان می‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing "decentering": Validity, reliability and factor structure of experiences questionnaire in university students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Taherifar 1
  • sima Ferdowsi 2
  • Fereshteh mootabi 2
  • Mohammad ali Mazaheri Tehrani 2
  • LADAN fata 3

چکیده [English]

 
Decentering is an adaptive emotion regulation strategy that refers to the ability to gain perspective from one’s thoughts and feelings. The purpose of the present study was to examine psychometric properties of Farsi version of the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ; assessing decentering factor, Fresco et al., 2007) in student sample. All of the 182 students completed the experiences questionnaire, emotion regulation questionnaire, Beck depression inventory-II and Beck anxiety inventory. Pearson`s correlation, chronbach`s alpha and exploratory factor analysis used for analyzing the data. The internal consistency of EQ was 0.77. The convergent validity examined by using reappraisal subscale of emotion regulation questionnaire and the findings showed r= 0.462. To investigate the discriminate validity, subscale suppression of ERQ, BDI-II, & BAI were used. EQ and Suppression subscale don't have a significant correlation (r= 0.096) with each other. In addition, there were negative relationship between EQ and BDI-II (r=-0.543) and BAI (r=-0.359). Finally, Exploratory Factor Analysis identified two factors. This research provides promising evidence about psychometric properties of Farsi version of experiences questionnaire in non-clinical student population.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • decentering
  • emotion regulation
  • Psychometric properties
  • university students

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