نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

3 دکتری روانشناسی کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

4 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه بررسی اثربخشی برنامه آموزش مدیریت خشم بر احساس خصومت و میزان سلامت روان والدین بود. بدین منظور کارگاه‌های آموزشی روش‌های کنترل خشم طی هفت جلسه، برای والدین کودکان دبستانی برگزار شد. روش مورد استفاده در این پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون تک گروهی بوده و گروه نمونه به‌صورت در دسترس شامل 84 نفر از والدین دانش‌آموزان (در قالب پنج کارگاه) در مدارس غیرانتفاعی شهر تهران بود. در این کارگاه‌ها، روش کنترل خشم با استفاده از برنامه مداخله آتش‌بازی با رویکرد شناختی-رفتاری و تأکید بر روابط بین والدین با کودکان، آموزش داده شد. میزان خصومت و سلامت روان شرکت‌کنندگان پیش و پس از اجرای مداخله اندازه‌گیری شد. ابزارهای مورد استفاده شامل سیاهه احساس خصومت ردفورد - ویلیامز (ردفورد، 1998) و سیاهه سلامت روانی ـ 28 (ویت و ویر، 1983) بود. نتایج حاکی از اثربخشی آموزش کنترل خشم بر کاهش احساس خصومت، درماندگی روان‌شناختی و افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی بود (05/0 p <). در مجموع می‌توان بیان کرد که از مدیریت خشم می‌توان به‌عنوان مداخله‌ای کاربردی و مؤثر بخصوص برای کاهش احساس درماندگی و افزایش سلامت روان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of anger management training on hostility and well- being of parents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Shokoohi-Yekta 1
  • Saeed Akbari Zardkhaneh 2
  • maryam Mahmoodi 3
  • Dina Dashti 4

1 Professor of University of Tehran

2 Assisstant Professor, University of Shahid Beheshti

3 Psychology of Exceptional Children, University of Allameh Tabatabaei

4 Psychology of Exceptional Children, University of Tehran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to analyze the effects of anger management
program on hostility and well-being of parents. For this reason, anger control
workshops were presented for parents of elementary school children. This
research utilized a semi experimental pre-post tests single group design.
Sample consisted of an available group containing 84 parents of students (5
group) in private schools in the city of Tehran. Anger control methods called
Fireworks program, based on
cognitive-behavioral approach,
was taught with an emphasis on
parent-child relationship. Hostility and Well-being of the participants were
measured using Redford-Williams Hostility Inventory (RWHI) and Mental Health
Inventory (MHI-28). Results indicated significant effects on hostility,
psychological distress and psychological well-being. Finally, we may conclude
that anger management, as an effective and functional intervention, could be
used to diminish psychological distress and to enhance psychological
well-being.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • anger control training
  • parent education
  • hostility
  • cognitive distress
  • Psychological well-being
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