نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف ساخت، رواسازی، اعتباریابی و هنجاریابی نرم‌افزار مقیاس بین‌المللی عملکردی لایتر انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش روان‌سنجی بود. به این منظور پس از ساخت نرم‌افزار برای اعتباریابی آزمون از بین کلیة کودکان 3 تا 6 سال شهر اصفهان 240 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب و در پژوهش شرکت کردند. برای بررسی روایی سازه از مقیاس رشد اجتماعی واینلند (براهنی و اخوت،1352) و برای بررسی روایی همزمان، از آزمون هوشی استنفورد بینه (افروز و کامکاری،1389) استفاده شد. ضرایب پایائی بازآزمایی نرم‌افزار مقیاس بین‌المللی عملکردی لایتر برای سنین 2 سال و 1 ماه تا 4 سال و 5 ماه 71/0 (001/0 P≤) و برای سنین 4 سال و 6 ماه تا 6 سال و 9 ماه 82/0 (001/0 P≤) به دست آمد. همچنین آلفای کرون باخ برای سنین 2 سال و 1 ماه تا 4 سال و 5 ماه 75/0و برای سنین 4 سال و 6 ماه تا 6 سال و 9 ماه 83/0 به دست آمد. ضریب همبستگی نرم‌افزار مقیاس بین‌المللی عملکردی لایتر و مقیاس واینلند مثبت و معنی‌دار بود (61/0=r). ضرایب همبستگی بین هوش‌آزمای استنفورد- بینه و نرم‌افزار مقیاس بین‌المللی عملکردی لایتر در خرده مقیاس کلامی برابر با (34/0=r) و در خرده‌مقیاس غیرکلامی برابر با (75/0=r) بود. نتیجه این‌که نرم‌افزار مقیاس بین‌المللی عملکردی لایتر، ابزاری روا و پایا برای انجام ارزیابی هوشی کودکان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Construction and Validation of the Leiter International Performance Scale Software for 3 to 6 Year Old Children of Isfahan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Tabatabaie Kashani 1
  • Salar Faramarzi 2

1 in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of children with special needs, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Abstract
The present study aimed at developing and validating the Leiter International Performance Scale Software. The research method was psychometrics. Therefore, after developing the software, to validate the test, from among all 3-6 year old children in the City of Isfahan 240 children were selected using the stratified random sampling and participated in the study. To investigate the construct validity of the scale, the Vineland Social Maturity Scale and to investigate the concurrent validity, the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scale were used. The test-retest reliability coefficient of the total score of the Leiter International Performance Scale Software for 2 year and 1 month to 4 year and 5 month children was 0.71 (p≤0.001). In addition, the reliability coefficient of the total score of the Leiter International Performance Scale Software for 4 year and 6 month to 6 year and 9 month old children was 0.82 ((p≤0.001). The Chronbach’s alpha coefficient for 2 year and 1 month to 4 year and 5 month old children was 0.75 and for 4 year and 6 month to 6 year and 9 month old children, it was 0.83. The correlation coefficient of the Leiter International Performance Scale Software with the Vineland Social Maturity Scale was positive and significant (r = 0.61). The correlation coefficient between the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and the Leiter International Performance Scale Software, as an evidence for the concurrent validity, was r = 0.34 in the verbal subscale and r = 0.75 in the non-verbal subscale. The results of the present study indicated that the Leiter International Performance Scale Software can be considered as a valid and reliable instrument for measuring children’s intelligence.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leiter International Performance Scale
  • Preschool Children
  • non-verbal intelligence

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