نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، ایران.

4 ستاد گروه روان‌شناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، دانشگاه شهیدچمران اهواز، ایران.

10.30486/jsrp.2019.566588.1309

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف تعیین تأثیر بهوشیاری (ذهن‌آگاهی) بر سبک تصمیم‌گیری با در نظر گرفتن نقش میانجیگرانه خودتأملی انجام گرفت. مطالعه از نوع پژوهش‌های همبستگی با استفاده از مدل یابی علی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه کارکنان شرکت پالایش گاز پارسیان تشکیل دادند که از میان آنها 178 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه از میان واحدهای مختلف پالایشگاه از طریق نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب گردید. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل مقیاس بهوشیاری (ذهن آگاهی)، خودتأملی و بینش و سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری بود. تحلیل داده‌ها از طریق الگوی معادلات ساختاری و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار AMOS21 انجام گرفت. شاخص‌های برازش مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری الگوی پیشنهادی را تأیید کردند. نتایج نشان دادند که بهوشیاری (ذهن‌آگاهی) بر خودتأملی (01/0 p <)، خودتأملی بر سبک تصمیم‌گیری (05/0 p <) و بهوشیاری (ذهن‌آگاهی) بر سبک تصمیم‌گیری تأثیر مستقیم معنادار (01/0 p <) دارد. همچنین بهوشیاری (ذهن‌آگاهی) بر سبک تصمیم‌گیری از طریق خودتأملی دارای تأثیر غیرمستقیم معنادار (01/0 p <) است. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان چنین نتیجه‌گیری نمود که بهوشیاری (ذهن‌آگاهی) هم به‌صورت مستقیم و هم از طریق خودتأملی، می‌تواند بر سبک تصمیم‌گیری کارآمد تأثیر بگذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

the Effect of Mindfulness on Styles of Decision-Making among Employees of Parsian Gas Refining Company: Mediating Role of Self-Reflection

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatemeh amini 1
  • hossein zare 2
  • Ali Reza Agha Yosefi 3
  • Seyed Esmaeil Hashemi 4

1 Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran.

4 Professor, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this research was to study the effect of mindfulness on decision-making styles with considering the mediating role of self-reflection. The study was correlational and the population included all employees of Parsian Gas Refining Company (working there, in winter 1396). 178 people were selected through Stratified random sampling method. Research instruments consisted of Mindfulness Questionnaire, Self-reflection Scale and Decision Making Styles Questionnaire. Data were analyzed with the use of Structural Equation Model (SEM) through AMOS-16 software packages. Analysis of structural equation modeling indicated that default model fit the data. The results also showed that there is significant direct effects of mindfulness on self-reflection (p < 0.01), self-reflection on styles of decision-making (p < 0.05) and mindfulness on styles of decision-making (p < 0.01) and Moreower, there are significant indirect effects of mindfulness on styles of decision-making through self-reflection (p < 0.01). According to the study it can be concluded that mindfulness both directly and through self-reflection, can affect efficient decision-making style.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mindfulness
  • style of decision-making
  • employees of gas refining company
  • self-reflection

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