نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، سمنان، ایران.

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، سمنان، ایران.

10.30486/jsrp.2019.569936.1372

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، پیش‌بینی اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی بر اساس متغیرهای مدیریت زمان، باور هوشی و عزت‌نفس در دانشگاه پیام‌نور شهرستان دامغان بود. این پژوهش، توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. تعداد 204 نفر از دانشجویان دختر مقطع کارشناسی که در پژوهش علمی شرکت کرده بودند از میان 621 دانشجو که در سال تحصیلی 97-96 مشغول به تحصیل بودند به‌عنوان آزمودنی انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی (Solomon & Rothblum, 1984)، عزت‌نفس (Cooper Smith, 1967)، باورهای هوشی (Babaei, 1999) و مدیریت زمان (Britton & Tesser, 1991) استفاده شد. برای تحلیل نتایج از آماره رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد مدیریت زمان و عزت‌نفس کلی روی اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی در دانشجویان تأثیر معکوس دارد (۰۱/۰>p). همچنین اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی با باور هوشی ذاتی رابطه معنی‌داری ندارد، اما این متغیر با باور هوشی افزایشی رابطة معکوس معنی‌دار دارد (۰۱/۰>p).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The prediction of academic procrastination based on the power of time management variables, belief, self-esteem among female students of Payame Noor University of Damghan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Amirhossine 1
  • Ali Shirafkan 2
  • Mojtaba Rajabpour 3

1 Psychology, Payamenoor University, Semnan, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Semnan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Educational procrastination is able to inhibit learning process and reduce academic achievement. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to predict academic procrastination based on time management, belief, and self esteem variables at Payame Noor University of Damghan. A total of 204 undergraduate undergraduate students who participated in scientific research were selected from 621 students studying in the academic year of 2017-2018. This research is descriptive and correlational. Data were collected by Educational Inventory Questionnaire (Solomon and Rothblum, 1984), Self-esteem Questionnaire (Cooper Smith, 1967), IQI Questionnaire (Babaie, 1377), Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ) (Britton and Tesser, 1991). The results were used to test the hypotheses and confirm or reject them from multiple regression statistics. Results showed that time management and self-esteem have a reciprocal effect on academic proclivity in students (p<0.01). There is also no significant relationship between academic procrastination with entity intelligence belief, but this variable has an inverse relationship with incremental intelligence belief (p<0.01).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Procrastination
  • time management
  • intelligence belief
  • self-esteem

AsleFatahi, B., & Najjarpoor Ostadi, S. (2013). A study of the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem with social skills. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation, 6(23), 123-136. [Persian].

Aynur, P. A. Murat & B. Can (2011). “Academic Procrastination Behavior of Pre-Service Teachers of Celal Bayar University”. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29: 1418-1425.

Babaei, B (1999). The Relationship between Intelligence Beliefs and Target Orientation of Gifted and Normal School Students in urban elementary, secondary and high school levels. M.Sc. Thesis. Tehran school of education and psychology. [Persian].

BabaeiNadeinlooie, karim, Fooladi, asghar and Pezeshki, Hana.2017. The Effectiveness of Time Management Skills’ Training on educational time management and Negligence. Journal of Personality and individual differences, 5(11),57-70.[Persian].

Britton, B. K., & Tesser, A. (1991). “Effects of time-management practices on college grades”. Journal of educational psychology, 22(2), 334.

Burnam, A. Komarraju, M. Hamel, R. and Nadler, D.R. (2014). “Do adaptive perfectionism and self-determined motivation reduce academic procrastination”. Learning and Individual Differences, 36: 165-172.

Chen, B. B., & Chang, L. (2016). “Procrastination as a fast life history strategy”. Evolutionary Psychology, 14(1),1-5.‌

Collins, K. M., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Jiao, Q. G. (2012). “The relationship between reading ability and self-perception among African-American postgraduate students”. The Journal of Educational Enquiry, 11(1), 43-53.

 

 

Dehghani,Y. (2009). Predicting educational negligence based on self-regulated strategies on learning. M.Sc. Thesis, Shiraz school of education and psychology. [Persian].

Dolati,R. (2013). Investigating the effect of teaching self-regulated learning strategies on procrastination and students’ self-concept in female students’ high school. M.Sc. Thesis. boali sina university-school of Economics and Social Sciences. [Persian].

Duru, E., & Bakis M. (2014). “The Roles of Academic Procrastination Tendency on the Relationships among Self -Doubt, Self Esteem and Academic Achievement”. Education and Science, 23 (112), 113-121.

Emami, T., Fatehizadeh, M., & Abedi, M. R. (2006). Studying and Comparing the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral and parents training how to on methods increase students self-esteem in Isfahan Junior high schools. Clinical Psychology & Personality, 1(19), 65-74. [Persian].

Evazian, F., Badri, R., Sarandi, P., & gasemi, Z. (2011). The stady of relationship between procrastination and self – esteem with achievement motivation of high school girl students in Kashan city. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation, 4(14), 151-164. [Persian].

Fooladi,A and Nazn khah, S. (2016). Effectiveness of time management skills training on negligence and educational time management. International Conference on Humanities, Psychology and Social Sciences, Tehran, Institute of Iliya. ttp://www.civilica.com/Paper-HPSCONF01HPSCONF01_023.html. [Persian].

Frost, Jackie. McKelive, Stuart. (2004). "Self-Esteem and Body Satisfaction in Male and Female Elementary School, High School, and University Students ". Journal of sport psychology, 51,45-54.

Ghalaee, B., & Yaghoubi, A. (2013). Investigating the Relationship between Personality’s Dimensions and Self esteem and Educational Procrastination among Farhangian University Students. Scientific Journal Management System, 2(4), 71-86. [Persian].

Glick, D. M. and Orsillo, S. M. (2015). “An investigation of the efficacy of acceptance-based behavioral therapy for academic procrastination”. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 133 (1): 333-333

Häfner, A. Stock, A&. Oberst. V. (2015). “Decreasing students’ stress through time management training: an intervention study” European Journal of Psychology of Education, 30: 81-94.

Hatamy, j., Pejman fard, m., & Saleh najafi, m. (2013). The relationship between intelligence beliefs, achievement goals and academic procrastination among students of tehran university. Journal of Research in Educational Systems, 7(21), 57-70. [Persian].

Howel, A, Buro, K. )2009. (“Implicit beliefs, achievement goals, and procrastination: A meditational analysis”, Learning and Individual Differences,19, 151–154.

 Hussain, I. E. and Sultan, S. (2010). “Analysis of procrastination among university students”. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5: 1897-1904.

Kagan, M. Cakir, O. and Ilhan, T. (2010). “The explanation of the academic procrastination behavior of university students with perfectionism, obsessive compulsive and five factor personality traits”. Procedia-Socialand Behavioral Sciences, 2(2): 2121-2125.

Khormaei, F and Azadidehbidie, F. (2018). Stating educational negligence based on ethical – moral structure. Culture in the Islamic University, 22, 78-92. [Persian].

Kolahiahari, Z. (2017) Investigating the relationship between time management and study approach with educational negligence on female students with deterioration of education. Thesis Department of Education Khorasan Razavi. [Persian].

MacCann, C. Duckworth, A.L. and Roberts, R.D. (2009). “Empirical identification of the major facets of conscientiousness”. Learning and Individual Differences, 19: 451-458.

MacCann, C.; Fogarty, G.J. and Roberts, R.D. (2012). “Strategies for success in education: Time management is more important for part-time than full-time community college students”. Learning and Individual Differences, 11: 512-512.

McGhie, V.F. (2012). Factors impacting on first-year student’s academic progress at a South African university. dissertation presented for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the department of urriculum studies, faculty of education at stellenbosch university.

Michinov, N.; Brunot, S.; Bohec, O.L.; Juhel, J. and Delaval, M. (2011). “Procrastination, participation, and performance in online learning environments”. Computers & Education, 45: 132-141.

Miqdadi, F.Z.; ALMomani, A.F.; Masharqa, M.T. and Elmousel, N.M. (2014). “The Relationship between Time Management and the Academic Performance of Students from the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi. the UAE“.ASEE 2014 Zone I Conference (1-4). Bridgpeort, CT: University of Bridgeport.

Moshtaghi, S., & MoayedFar, H. (2016). The Role of Intelligence Beliefs and Achievement Goals Orientation in Prediction of Students Academic Procrastination. Educational Development of Judishapur, 7(1), 28-36. [Persian].

Neisi, S., & Yamini, M. (2009). Relationship between self-esteem, achievement motivation, FLCA, and EFL learners’ academic performance. Journal of Psychological Achievements, 16(2), 153-166. [Persian].

Nonis, S.A. and Hudson, G.I. (2006). “Academic performance of college students: Influence of time studying and- working”. Journal of Education for Business, 81(3): 151-159.

Ocak, G. and Boyraz, S. (2016). “Examination of the relation between academic procrastination and time management skills of undergraduate students in terms of some variables”. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 3(4).

Rafii, f., Saremi rasouli, F., Najafi ghezeljeh, T., & Haghani, H. (2014). The Relationship between Academic Procrastination, Academic Achievement, and Self-Efficacy in Nursing Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 14(1), 32-40. [Persian].

Savari,K; Beshlideh,k; Shehniyailagh,M. (2011). The relationship between time management and perceived self-efficacy with educational negligence. Journal of Educational psychology,5,14,100-112. [Persian].

Schouwenburg, H.C. (2004). “Procrastination in academic settings: general introduction”. In: H. C. Schouwenburg, C.H., Lay, Pychyl, T.A., Ferrari. J.R., Editors, Counseling the procrastinator in academic settings, American Psychological Association, Washington, 2-11.

sheykholeslami, a. (2016). The Prediction of Academic Procrastination based on Cognitive Strategies, Metacognitive Strategies and Test Anxiety in University Students. Scientific Journal Management System, 4(6), 81-101. [Persian].

Smit, C. (1967). Self-esteem Inventory. Published: consulting Psychologists.

Solomon, L.J. & E.D. Rothblum (1984). “Academic Procrastination: Frequency and Cognitive- Behavioral Correlates”. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31 (4): 503-509.

Steel, P. (2007). “The Nature of Procrastination: A Meta-Analitytic and Theorical Review of Quintessential SelfRegulatin failure”. Psychological Bulleetin, 133, 65-94.

Stoeber, J. & Stoeber, F. S. (2009). “Domains of Perfectionism: Prevalence and relationships with perfectionism, gender, age, and satisfaction with life”. Personality and Individual Differences,46, 530-535.

Tamanaee far, m., & ghasemi, e. (2017). Explaining academic Procrastination based on Personality traits and time Management Skill. Scientific Journal  of Management System, 5(8),223-244. [Persian].

Trueman, M., & Hartley, J. (1996). “A Comparison between the Time-Management Skills and Academic Performance of Mature and Traditional-Entry University Students”. Higher Education, 199-215.

Walters, C.A. (2003). “Understanding procrastination from a self-regulated learning perspective”. Journal of Educational Psychology, 34 (1), 113 - 124.

yasemi nejad, P; Feizabadifarahani, Z; gholmohamadiyan, M; Naderi, N. (2014). The relationship between sanity and procrastination. research and Scientific Journal of Shahed Universiy, 20(8),72-86. [Persian].

Yavas, U.; Ozturk, G.; Acıkel, C.H. and Ozer, M. (2012). “Evaluation of medical students' time management skills”. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 11(1): 413.

Zegheybi ghanad,S,Alepor, S and moradi,M. (2018). Self-doubt, tendency towards educational negligence, self-esteem, and educational performance. Journal of New Advances in Behavioral Sciences, 2(14),1-20. [Persian].

Zekioglu, A.; Erdogan, N. and Türkmen, M. (2015). “Athletes students time management skills and relationships between academic trophies. Uluslararsi hakemli”. Psikyatri ve Psikoloji Arashtirmalari Dergisi, (3): 13-21.