Allen, J. G. (2003). Mentalizing. Bulletin of The Menninger Clinic, 67, 87–108.
Allen J.G. (2006). Coping with Depression: From Catch 22 to Hope. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4nd ed. American Psychiatric Association, Washing-ton DC.
Arnsten AF. (2000). Stress impairs prefrontal cortical function in rats and monkeys: role of dopamine D1 and norepinephrine alpha-1receptor mechanisms. Progress in Brain Research, 126, 183–192.
Asarnow JR, Porta G, Spirito A, Emslie G, Clarke G, Dineen Wagner K & et al. (2011). Suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents: findings from the TORDIA study. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 772-781.
Bateman A, Fonagy P. (2004). Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: Mentalization-Based Treatment. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Bateman A & Fonagy P. (2010). Mentalization based treatment for borderline personality disorder. World Psychiatry, 9(1), 11–15.
Bleiberg E. (2013). Mentalizing-Based Treatment with Adolescents and Families. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 22, 295–330.
Favazza AR & Rosenthal RJ. (1990). Types of pathologic self-mutation. Behavioural Neurology, 3, 77-85.
Favazza AR & Rosenthal RJ. (1993). Diagnostic problems in their own disadvantages Psychiatric Hospital, 44, 134-140.
Gratez KL & Roemer L. (2008). The relationship between emotion dysregulation and deliberate self-harm among female undergraduate students at an urban commuter university. Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 37, 14-25.
Hakim Shoushtari, M; Khanipour, H. (2014). Comparison of self-harm and suicide attempt in adolescents: A systematic review, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 20 (1), 3-13.
Harrington R, Pickles A, Aglan A, Harrington V, Burroughs H & et al. (2006). Early adult outcomes of adolescents who deliberately poisoned themselves. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 337-345.
Hoermann S, Zupanick CE & Dombeck M. (2013). Attachment Theory Expanded: Mentalization, https://www.mentalhelp.net
Jacobson CM & Gould M. (2007). The epidemiology and phenomenology of non-suicidal self-injurious behavior among adolescents: A critical review of the literature. Archives of Suicide Research, 11(2), 129–147.
Kahan J & Pattison EM. (1984). Proposal for a Distinctive Detection: Intentional Injury Syndrome (DSH). Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 14, 17-35.
Khanipour, H.; Borjali, A.; Golzari, M; Phalsaphy Nejad, M., Hakim Shoushtari, M. (2013). Self-harm in delinquent adolescents and adolescents with a history of mood disorders: A qualitative study, Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences, 2 (3), 195-207. [Persian]
Klonsky ED, May AM & Glen CR. (2013). Relationship between nonsuicidal self-harm and suicidal attempt: Convergent evidence from four examples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 231-237.
Knock MK, Joiner TE, Jr, Gordon KH, Lloyd Richardson E, Prestin MJ. (2006). Non-suicide self-harm among adolescents: Diagnostic factors and relationship with suicide being. Psychiatric Research, 144, 65-72.
Laye-Gindhu A, Schonert-Reichl KA. (2005). Nonsuicidal self-harm among community adolescents: understanding the “whats” and “whys” of self-harm. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(5), 447-457.
Muehlenkamp JJ. (2005). Self-harm behaviors are a separate clinical syndrome. Orthomolecular psychiatry, 75, 324-333.
Nixon MK, Cloutier P & Jansson SM. (2008). Nonsuicidal self-harm in youth: a population- based survey. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 178, 306-312.
Nock MK & Prinstein MJ. (2005). Contextual features and behavioral functions of self-mutilation among adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(1), 140–146.
Payvastegar, M. (2013). Prevalence of intentional self-harming behavior and its relationship with loneliness and attachment style in female students, Quarterly Journal of Psychological Studies, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Al-Zahra University, 9 (3), 30-51. [Persian]
Riggs T, Schroeter K, Dahme B & Nutzinger Do. (2008). Childhood emotional abuse and the attachment system across the life cycle: What theory and research tell us. Journal of Aggression. Maltreatment &Trauma, 19, 5-51.
Rodham K, Hawton K & Evans E. (2004). Reasons for deliberate self-harm: Comparison of self-poisoners and self-cutters in a community sample of adolescents. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(1), 80–87.
Rossouw TI & Fonagy P. (2012). Mentalization-Based Treatment for Self-Harm in Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Mentalization Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(12), 1304-1313.
Schimansky J, David N, Rossler W & Haker H. (2010). Sense of agency and mentalizing: dissociation of subdomains of social cognition in patients with schizophrenia, Psychiatry Research, 178, 39–45.
Shekofteh, Q ;Rafii, P; Sabahi, P. (2014). Comparison of Mind Theory and Recognition of Face Emotion in Psychotic, Neurotic, and Normal People, Journal of Cognitive Science News, 16 (1), 21-28. [Persian]
Strauss, A.; Corbin, J. (2008). Principles and methods of qualitative research The basic theory of procedures and methods, translated by Buick Mohammadi, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies.
Turp M. (2002). Hidden Self-harm: Narratives from Psychotherapy. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Whitlock J, Eckenrode J & Silverman D. (2006). Self-injurous behaviors in a college population. Pediatrics, 117(6), 1939–1948.
Wilkinson P, Kelvin R, Roberts C, Dubicka B & Goodyer I. (2011). Clinical and psychosocial predictors of suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury in the Adolescent Depression Antidepressants and Psychotherapy Trial (ADAPT). American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 495.
Zohori, H; Hosseini, H. (2016). Iran Age News Website, Published: 14/10/2016. [Persian]