نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشاسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

3 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با دو هدف انجام شد: سنجش تأثیر کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی بر شاخص‌های سلامت روانی و تأثیر کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی بر ابعاد کمال‌گرایی غیرمعنوی/غیرمذهبی. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل جمعیت عمومی شهر تهران بود. از میان این جامعه، 370 نفر (148 مرد، 159 زن) به‌صورت داوطلب در دسترس در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. از شرکت‌کنندگان خواسته شد مقیاس‌های کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی (SRPS; Besharat 2018)، سلامت روانی (MHI-28; Veit & Ware 1983)، عواطف مثبت و منفی (PANAS; Watson et al. 1988) و کمال‌گرایی چندبعدی تهران (TMPS; Besharat 2007) را تکمیل کنند. نتایج نشان داد که کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی، عواطف مثبت و کمال‌گرایی خودمحور تأثیر مثبت معنادار و بر درماندگی روان‌شناختی، عواطف منفی و کمال‌گرایی جامعه‌محور تأثیر منفی معنادار دارد (001/0p <). نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی در کل 70درصد واریانس مربوط به متغیرهای پژوهش را تبیین می‌کند که بیشترین سهم مربوط به بهزیستی روان‌شناختی بود. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، می‌توان کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی را یکی از تعیین‌کننده‌های سلامت روانی دانست. یافته‌های پژوهش، همچنین وجود بعد جدیدی از کمال‌گرایی، یعنی کمال‌گرایی معنوی/مذهبی را متمایز از ابعاد کمال‌گرایی غیرمعنوی/غیرمذهبی تأیید می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of spiritual/religious perfectionism on psychological health indices and dimensions of nonspiritual/nonreligious perfectionism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Besharat 1
  • Seyedeh Asma Hosseini 2
  • Morteza Naghipoor 3

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The present study had two purposes: investigating the impact of spiritual/religious perfectionism on psychological health indices and investigathmg the impact of spiritual/religious perfectionism on dimensions of perfectionism. The statistical population of the study consisted of general population living in Tehran. Among the statistical population, 307 individuals (148 men, 159 women) participated in the present study as volunteers. All participants were asked to complete Tehran completed Spiritual/Religious Perfectionism Scale (SRPS; Besharat 2018), Mental Health Inventory (MHI-28; Veit & Ware 1983), Positive and Negative Affects Schedule (PANAS; Watson et al. 1988), and Tehran Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (TMPS; Besharat 2007). The results revealed a significant positive influence of spiritual/religious perfectionism on measures of psychological well-being, positive affects, and self-oriented perfectionism, as well as a significant negative influence of spiritual/religious perfectionism on measures of psychological distress, negative affects, and socially prescribed perfectionism (p <.001). Results of regression analyses revealed that 70% of variance of the research variables explained by spiritual/religious perfectionism with the largest portion for psychological well-being. It can be concluded that spiritual/religious perfectionism is one of the determinants of psychological health. The findings also may support a new dimension of perfectionism, spiritual/religious perfectionism, separate from nonspiritual/nonreligious perfectionism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • spiritual/religious perfectionism
  • Health
  • spitituality
  • Religion
  • psychological well-being
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