نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

10.30486/jsrp.2019.572759.1420

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی اثربخشی درمان فراشناختی بر سندرم شناختی/توجهی در دانشجویان دختر مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش، دانشجویان دختر مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 بود. روش پژوهش، نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون و پیگیری با گروه گواه بود. نمونۀ پژوهش شامل 30 نفر بود که به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفره آزمایش و گواه جایگزین شدند. ابزار مورد استفاده، پرسشنامه‌های اضطراب اجتماعی (Connor et al., 2000)، افسردگی بک ویرایش دوم (Beck et al., 1996) و سندرم شناختی/توجهی (Wells et al., 2009) بود. گروه آزمایش طی 8 جلسه یک‌ساعته به‌صورت گروهی تحت مداخله درمان فراشناختی قرار گرفت ولی گروه گواه هیچ مداخله‌ای را دریافت نکرد. در پایان مداخله، پس‌آزمون و سه ماه بعد از مداخله، پیگیری بر روی دو گروه آزمایش و گواه انجام شد. تحلیل داده‌های خام با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS21 و اجرای آزمون‌های توصیفی و استنباطی، تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیره صورت گرفت. یافته‌ها نشان داد در گروه آزمایش کاهش معنی‌داری در سندرم شناختی/توجهی بعد از مداخله مشاهده شد (001/0>P). این نتایج در مرحله پیگیری حفظ شد (01/0>P). با توجه به نتایج حاصله و تداوم اثر آن، به‌کارگیری درمان فراشناختی برای کاهش میزان سندرم شناختی/ توجهی در مبتلایان به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Cognitive Attention Syndrome in Female Students with Social Anxiety Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • khodamorad momeni 1
  • farnaz radmehr 2

1 Associate professor Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Ph.D student in Psychology, Faculty of Socia Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study assessment the effectiveness of meta-cognitive therapy on cognitive attention syndrome in female students with social anxiety disorder. The statistical population of this study was all female students with social anxiety disorder at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences 2018-19. The method of this research was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with the control group design. The research sample consisted of 30 individuals that were randomly assigned into two groups of 15 experimental and control groups. The tools used were the Social Anxiety (Connor et al., 2000), Back Depression-II (Beck et al., 1996) and Cognitive Attention Syndrome (Wells et al., 2009) questionnaires. The experimentation group was for 8 sessions, an hour, as a group, underwent meta-cognitive therapy intervention but the control group receive no any intervention. The crude data analysis using SPSS-21 software and descriptive and inferential tests, Univariate covariance analysis were performed. The findings showed that in the experimental group, a significant decrease in cognitive/ attention syndrome was observed after the intervention (P<0.001). These results were maintained during the follow-up stage (P<0.01). According to the results obtained, and the continuation of its effect, the use of meta-cognitive therapy is recommended to reduce the rate of cognitive / attention syndrome in patients with social anxiety disorder
Results showed in the experimental group a significant decrease in cognitive / attentional syndrome after intervention (P <0.001). These results were also maintained at follow-up (P <0.01). Based on the results, and the continuing effect, the use of meta-cognitive therapy to reduce the rate of cognitive / attention syndrome in patients with social anxiety disorder is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Meta-cognitive therapy
  • cognitive attention syndrome
  • female students
  • Social anxiety

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