نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

3 گروه روان‌شناسی و مشاوره، دانشگاه غیرانتفاعی خاتم، تهران، ایران.

4 گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد همدان، همدان، ایران.

10.30486/jsrp.2020.1895300.2362

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، مقایسۀ نشخوار ذهنی، احساس درماندگی و بزرگنمایی در سنین مختلف و رابطۀ آنها با سبک‌های مقابله با استرس در بازدیدکنندگان یک وب‌سایت سنجش وضعیت روانی طی هفتۀ اول شیوع کرونا ویروس بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل همۀ بازدیدکنندگان از یک وب‌سایت سنجش وضعیت روانی در بازۀ زمانی ۲ تا ۱۰ اسفند ۱۳۹۸ بود. نمونۀ این پژوهش ۹۳۳ نفر از بازدیدکنندگان بود که به‌صورت هدفمند به پرسشنامه‌های فاجعه‌پنداری (Sullivan, 2009) و سبک‌های مقابله‌ای (Endler & Parker, 1990) پاسخ دادند. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها به شیوۀ تحلیل واریانس و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون صورت گرفت. یافته‌ها نشان داد بین نشخوار ذهنی، احساس درماندگی و بزرگنمایی در سنین مختلف جامعه به هنگام شیوع کرونا ویروس تفاوت وجود دارد (05/0<P). نشخوار ذهنی در سنین مختلف متفاوت بود، احساس درماندگی با افزایش سن کمتر دیده شد و بزرگنمایی در افراد بالای ۴۵ سال با روند افزایش سن کمتر مشاهده شد. در خصوص همبستگی بین متغیرها یافته‌ها نشان داد سبک مسئله‌مدار با احساس درماندگی، بزرگنمایی و نشخوار ذهنی، رابطه منفی داشت (05/0<P). سبک هیجان‌مدار با هر سه متغیر (05/0<P) و سبک اجتنابی با بزرگنمایی و نشخوار ذهنی رابطه مثبت داشت (05/0<P).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of rumination, Sense of helplessness, and magnification at different ages and their relation to stress coping styles in visitors of a mental health monitoring website during the first week of coronavirus outbreaks

نویسندگان [English]

  • Peyman Dousti 1
  • narges hosseininia 2
  • Golnaz Ghodrati 3
  • Mohammad Esmaeil Ebrahimi 4

1 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Tehran North, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Psychology, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Hamadan, Hamadan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was Comparison of rumination, sense of helplessness, and magnification at different ages and their relation to stress coping styles in visitors of a mental health monitoring website during the first week of coronavirus outbreaks. This research was descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of the study was consisted of all visitors to a mental health assessment website during the period of February 21st to 29th, 2020. The sample of this study consisted of 933 visitors who purposefully answered Catastrophizing Scale (Sullivan, 2009), and Coping Styles Questionnaire (Endler & Parker, 1990). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The result showed that there was a significant difference between subjective rumination, Sense of helplessness, and magnification at different ages of society at the time of the outbreak of coronavirus (P <0.05). Rumination was different at different ages. The sense of helplessness was less with age. Magnification was less common in people over 45 years old. Correlation between variables showed that problem solving coping strategy was negatively related to feelings of helplessness, magnification, and rumination (P>0.05). Emotionalism was positive relation with all three variables (P>0.05). Avoidance was positive relation with magnification and rumination (P>0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • catastrophizing
  • stress coping styles
  • online assessment of mental status
  • COVID-19

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