نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 مرکز تحقیقات پزشکی قانونی، سازمان پزشکی قانونی کشور، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر عملکرد خانواده بر بروز بزهکاری در نوجوانان کانون اصلاح و تربیت شهر تهران بود. روش پژوهش از نوع توصیفی همبستگی و جامعۀ آماری شامل نوجوانان بزهکار مقیم کانون اصلاح و تربیت بود. از 300 نفر نوجوان مقیم کانون اصلاح و تربیت در سال 1396 تعداد 175 نفر از آنان، نوجوانانی بودند که حداقل برای دومین بار به کانون اصلاح و تربیت ارجاع شده و به‌عنوان نمونه بزهکار مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. برای ارزیابی عملکرد خانواده از پرسشنامه سنجش خانواده مک ماستر (Ebstein, Baldvin& Bishap, 1983) و برای سنجش میزان بزهکاری از مقیاس بزهکاری چندبعدی نوجوانان و جوانان (Sahami, 2017) استفاده شد. استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد عملکرد خانواده در سطح 99 درصد اطمینان، 56 درصد از واریانس بزهکاری را تبیین می‌کند و عدمهمراهی عاطفی با بتای 12، ناتوانی در حل مشکل با بتای 05/9، عدم کنترل رفتار با بتای 7/7، فقدان آمیزش عاطفی با بتای 8/6، فقدان ارتباط با بتای 6/3 و عدم ایفای صحیح نقش‌ها با بتای 8/2 بر بزهکاری تأثیر دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Family Functioning on the Incidence of Delinquency in adolescents in Tehran Correctional Center

نویسندگان [English]

  • Armindokht Ahamdi 1
  • Seyed Mehdi Saberi 2
  • Said pournaghash tehrani 3
  • Ali Akbar Arjmandnia 4

1 Sycholoty and education of exceptional children, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

3 Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Psychology and education of exceptional children, University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family functioning on delinquency in delinquent adolescents in Tehran Correctional and Rehabilitation Center. This is a descriptive and correlational study. Statistic society included delinquent adolescents who were in the Correctional Center. Of 300 adolescents who had stayed in correctional center in 1396, there were175 adolescents who had at least two times referred to correctional center. They were being selected and assessed as the study group. Mc -Master Family Assessment Questionnaire (Epstein, Baldwin & Bishop, 1983) was been used to measure the family function and the Multidimensional Delinquency Scale of Adolescents and Youth Corporations (Sahami, 1396) to measure delinquency in the study. The results showed that family function explained 56 percent of variance of delinquency. Lack of emotional companionship with beta 12, failure to resolve the problem with beta 9.05, lack of control behavior with beta 7.7, lack of emotional integrity with beta 6.8, lack of communication with beta 3.6, and failure to handle correct roles with beta 2.8 are Suitable predictors for delinquency.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Delinquency
  • adolescents
  • family functioning
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