نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی مشاوره و تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش برنامه آمادگی برای والد شدن بر بهبود حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و دلبستگی زنان نخست‌زا در شهرستان نیشابور انجام شده است. روش به‌کاررفته در این پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون و گروه کنترل اجرا شده است. جامعۀ مورد مطالعه شامل زنان باردار نخست‌زای مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشت شهرستان نیشابور در سال 1393­ است. نمونه پژوهش شامل 70 زن باردار نخست‌زای مراجعه‌کننده به 6 مرکز بهداشت نیشابور است؛ از بین آن‌ها 16 نفر که واجد شرایط بودند به روش تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (8 نفر) و کنترل (8 نفر) قرار گرفتند. آزمودنی‌ها به پرسشنامه‌های حمایت اجتماعی (Zimet & et al, 1988) و سبک دلبستگی (Collins & Read, 1990) پاسخ داده‌اند. برنامه آمادگی برای والد شدن در 8 جلسه (90 دقیقه) آموزش داده شد. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده نشان می‌دهد که آموزش گروهی برنامه آمادگی برای والد شدن بر بهبود سبک دلبستگی و حمایت اجتماعی زنان باردار نخست‌زا اثربخشی معناداری ندارد. آموزش برنامه آمادگی برای والد شدن به دلیل آموزشی بودن و تعداد کم جلسات نمی‌تواند باعث بهبود حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و تغییر سبک دلبستگی اجتنابی و اضطرابی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Training Towards Parenting Program on Improvement of Attachment and Perceived Social Support in Primipara Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • sajedeh sokhanvar 1
  • ali kimiaee 2
  • zohreh sepehri shamloo 3

1 Department of Education & Counselling Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Education & Counselling Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The present study has done to investigate the effictivness of training towards parenting program on improvement of perceived social support and attachment in primipara women at neishabour city. Method of study was semi-experimental that has been conducted with pre-test, post-test and control group. Population of study concludes all of referring primipara women to healthy centers in 2015 at Neishabour. Sample of study concludes 70 referring primipara women to 6 health centers of Neishabour, among them 16 cases were suitable that arranged in 2 groups of experimental & control (8 for each one) randomly. Examinees responsed to the quessionaries of Social Support (Zimet & et al, 1988) and Attachment Style (Collins & Read, 1990). The Towards Parenting Program was thought in 8 Sessions (1hour 30 minutes). For measurement of social support has used Multidimensional Scale of Percieved Social Support (MSPSS) included 12 questions and for measurement of attachment style has used Collins & Read Attachment Style quessionary included 18 questions. The results indicate that group education of Towards Parenting Program doesn’t have significant effectiveness on improvement of attachment style and social support in primipara women. Because of being educational and few numbers of sessions, Towards Parenting Program cannot lead to improvement of perceived social support and change of avoidant and anxious attachment style.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Towards Parenting Program
  • Primipara Women
  • Attachment Style and Social Support
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