نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران پزشکی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، پیش‌بینی رضایت زناشویی بر اساس شادکامی و کیفیت زندگی در زوجین شهر تهران بود. طرح پژوهش، توصیفی - همبستگی بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش، همۀ زوج‌های منطقه ۱۱ و ۱۲ شهر تهران در سال 97-96 بودند. تعداد 150 نفر (75 زن و 75 مرد) از طریق نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، برای پاسخگویی به سه پرسشنامۀ پژوهش، شامل مقیاس 29 سؤالی شادکامی آکسفورد (Hill & Argyll, 2002)، مقیاس 26 سؤالی کیفیت زندگی (World Health Organization, 1996) و مقیاس 47 سؤالی رضایت‌مندی زناشویی (Olson, 1997)، انتخاب شدند. به‌منظور تحلیل داده‌ها، از رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد، رابطۀ خطی بین متغیر رضایت زناشویی و مؤلفه‌های پیش‌بین، به لحاظ آماری معنی‌دار است (001/0 p<). به این معنی که شادکامی و کیفیت زندگی، قادر به پیش‌بینی رضایت زناشویی زوجین هستند (001/0 p<). همچنین، نتایج نشان دادند، متغیرهای کیفیت زندگی و شادکامی به ترتیب با انحراف معیار 26/0 و 15/0 می‌توانند 6 درصد از واریانس رضایت زناشویی را پیش‌بینی کنند و متغیر کیفیت زندگی نقش بیشتر و شادکامی، نقش کمتری در پیش‌بینی رضایت زناشویی دارد. درنتیجه شادکامی و کیفیت زندگی، نقش بسزایی در پیش‌بینی رضایت زناشویی دارند. درواقع شادکامی و کیفیت زندگی، باعث افزایش مهارت‌های زندگی زناشویی و به تبع آن، رضایت زناشویی می‌گردد؛ بنابراین در طراحی برنامه‌های آموزشی و درمانی مبتنی بر افزایش رضایت زناشویی، باید به شادکامی و کیفیت زندگی زوجین، توجه ویژه‌ای، مبذول گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Marital Satisfaction Based on Happiness and Quality of Life in Couples in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam karami 1
  • sedigheh ahmadi 2
  • saeid ghobadi 3

1 Master of family Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of counselling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Master of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Branch, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to predict marital satisfaction based on happiness and quality of life in couples in Tehran. The research design was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population of this study was all couples in 11th and 12th district of Tehran. 150 people (75 women and 75 men) used the available sample to answer three research questionnaires, including Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (2002), Quality of Life (1996) and Enrich Marital Satisfaction (1997) were selected. Descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson test and stepwise regression) were used to analyze the data. The results of statistical analysis showed that happiness and quality of life can predict marital satisfaction (p <0.001). The results of regression showed that the linear relationship between marital satisfaction variable and predictor components was statistically significant (p <0.001). This means that happiness and quality of life are able to predict marital satisfaction of couples (p <0.001). Also, the results showed that the variables of quality of life and happiness, with the standard deviation of 0.26 and 0.15, can predict 6% of the variance of marital satisfaction variable. The variable of quality of life has a greater role Conclusion: Happiness and quality of life play an important role in predicting marital satisfaction. In fact, happiness and quality of life increase marital life skills and consequently marital satisfaction. Therefore, in designing programs based on increasing marital satisfaction, special attention should be paid to the happiness and quality of life of couples.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • quality of life
  • happiness
  • couples marital satisfaction
 Abedi, A., & Mirzaei, P. (2006). Comparing the effectiveness of fordyce's cognitive-behavioral and the social skills instruction methods in increasing high school student' happiness. Journal of Psychology, 2 (3-4), 71-95. [Persian]
Alami,M., Bahrami, E., Tooyserkani, M. (2010). The Role of Dimensions of Marital Satisfaction in Prediction Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder. Journal of Exceptional Children, 12(3), 61-68. [Persian]
Alipoor, A., & Noorbala, A. (1999). A Preliminary Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in Students in the Universities of Tehran. Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology, 5 (1-2), 55-66. [Persian]
Amirimajd, M., & Zarimoqadam, F. (2010). The relationship between delightedness and matrimonial satisfaction among the employed female teachers and housekeepers of Arak City. Journal of Behavioral sciences, 2 (4), 9-21. [Persian]
 
Anderson M, Trudel S, Bounader L, Boyer A, & Villeneuve F. (2010). Effects of a marital and sexual enhancement intervention for retired couples: The marital life and aging well program. Journal of Sexologies, 2, 79–105.
Bulanda, J.R., Brown, J.S., & Yamashita, T. (2016). Marital quality, marital dissolution, and mortality risk during the later life course. Journal of Social Science & Medicine, 165, 119-127.
Carr, Alan. (2004). Positive Psychology. Translation of Pasha Sharifi & Najafi.Zand, (2008). Sokhan Publisher.
Carney, T., Yager, J., Maguire, S., & Touyz, S. W. (2019). Involuntary Treatment and Quality of Life. Journal of Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 42 (2), 299- 307.
Cohen, D., Yoon, D. P., & Johnston, B. (2009). Differentiating the impact of spiritual experiences, religious practices and congregational support on the mental health of individuals with heterogeneous medical disorders. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion,19 (1), 121-138.
Disabato, D.J., Goodman, F.R., Kashdan, T.B., Short, J. L., & Jarden, A. (2016). Different types of wellbeing? A crosscultural examination of hedonic and eudaimonic. wellbeing. Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28(5),471-482.
Dixon, L. J., Gordon, K., Frousakis, N. N., & Schumm, J. A. (2012). A study of expectations and the marital quality of participants of a marital enrichment seminar. Journal of Family Relations, 61 (1), 75-89.
Driver, J. L., & Gottman, J. M. (2004). Daily marital interactions and positive affect during marital conflict among newlywed couples. Journal of Family process, 43 (3), 301– 314.
Faraji Mollaei, A. (2010). Analysis of Urban Quality of Life Indicators and Planning for Its Improvement, a Case in Babolsar, Master's Thesis in Geography and Urban Planning. University of Tehran. [Persian]
Ghaffari, M., & Rezaei, A. (2013). Correlation of marital satisfaction and quality of life with life skill and obsessive -compulsive tendency among Payam-e-Noor University students. Journal of Medical Sciences, 23 (2), 140-147. [Persian]
Ghobaribonab, B. Jafari, F, & Hajhosseini,M. (2017). Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused counseling Based on Islamic ethics on Happiness of Incompatible couples. Journal of AppliedPsychological Research Quarterly, 8 (3), 121-144. [Persian]
Greeff, A. P. (2000). Characteristics of families that function well. Journal of Family Issues, 21(8), 948–962.
Harper, J. M., Sehaalye, B. G., & Sandbergj, G. (2000). Daily hassles, intimacy and marital quality in later life marriage. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 28 (1), 1–18.
Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 1071-1082.
Hossein Khanzade, A., & Safikhani, L. (2005). The relationship between personality and happiness. Journal of Eslah va Tarbiat, (46), 21-24. (Persian)
Jang, H.J. (2016). Comparative study of health promoting lifestyle profile and subjective happiness in nursing and non-nursing students. Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Letter, 128 (7), 78-82.
Kazemi, P., Aghamohammadian Sharbaf, H., Modares Gharavi, M., & Mahram, B. (2011). The Efficacy of Life-Enhancement Program on Mental Health and Marital Satisfaction. Journal of Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling, 1 (2), 71-86. [Persian]
Lavy S, & Littman-Ovadia H. (2011). All you need is love? Strengths mediate the negative associations between attachment orientations and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 50 (7), 1050–1055
 Lehto, U-S., Ojanen, M., & Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, P. (2005). Predictors of quality of life in newly diagnosed melanoma and breast cancer patients. Annals of Oncology, 16(5),805-816.
Long, A. (2005). The relationship among marital quality, sexual frequency sexual disagreement,
 depression, and married women’s sexual satisfaction. Deg Thesis, Auburn University
Navaitis, G., Labutis, G., & Kairiene, B. (2016). The Mrital Status and the Happiness. Proceeding of The International Scientific Conference, 1,458-468
Nasiri, H., Hashemi, L., & Hoseini, M. )2016). Investigation quality of life in Shiraz University students based on world health organization quality of life scale. 3rd National Seminar of Student Mental Health Shiraz University. [Persian]
Nejat, S., Montazeri, A., Holakouei Naeini, K., Mohammad, K., & Majdzadeh, S. (2007). The world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire, translation and validation study of the the Iranian version. Jornal of school of public health and institute of public health research, 4 (4), 1-12. [Persian]
Padash, Z., Fatehizadeh, M., Abedi M., & Izadikhah, Z. (2013). The effect of quality of life therapy on marital satisfaction. Journal of Researchin Behavioural Sciences, 10 (5), 363-372. (Persian)
Pressman, S. D., & Cohen, S. (2005). “Does Positive Affect Influence Health?” Psychological bulletin, 131 (6), 925-971.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2012). Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and Well-being. New York: Free press.
Sepehrian Azar, F., Mohammadi, N., Badalpoor, Z., & Norozzadeh, V. (2016). The Relationship between Hope and Happiness with Marital Satisfaction. Journal of Health and Care, 18 (1), 37-44. (Persian)
Soleimani, B., Rahimi, A., & bayesti, Z. (2015). The relationship between happiness and Sensation Seeking with marital satisfaction. The first National Conference of Psychology and Family,Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz. [Persian]
Soleymanian, A. (2005). Investigating effect of unreasonable thought on marital satisfaction.Master of science dissertation, Tehran: Psychiatric faculty, Teacher training university. [Persian]
Taghadosi, M., & Fahimifar, A. (2014). Effect of life review therapy with spiritual approach on the life quality among cancer patients. Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences,18 (2),135-144. [Persian]
Xie, J., Shi, Y., & Ma, H. (2017). Relationship between similarity in work-family centrality and marital satisfaction among dual-earner couples. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 113, 103-108.
 Xie, J., Zhou, Z. E., & Gong, Y. (2018). Relationship between proactive personality and marital satisfaction: A spillover-crossover perspective. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 128, 75-80.
Zare, B., Safyari & Jafarabad, H. (2015). The Study of Marital Satisfaction and its Determinants on Married Women and Men in Tehran City. Quarterly Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological, 13 (1), 111-140. [Persian]
Zare, kh. (2014). The relationship of emotional empathy and marital satisfaction is associated with the happiness of students in the Kazeron city. A master's degree in counseling for family orientation. Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht. [Persian]