نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف آگاهی از دیدگاه­های نوجوانان خودجرح در باب احساس گناه و شرم انتقال‌یافته از والدینشان انجام یافت تا زمینۀ شناخت ماهیت این موضوع فراهم شود. این پژوهش از نوع کیفی و جامعۀ آماری آن شامل همۀ دبیرستان‌های شهر بانه بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای سه مدرسه انتخاب و بعد از غربالگری  با 7 نفر از دانش­آموزان نوجوان پسری که خودزنی کرده بودند مصاحبه  شد. روش اصلی جمع‌آوری داده­ها، مصاحبه­های نیمه‌ساختارمند بود و داده­ها با روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی استقرایی تجزیه ‌وتحلیل شدند. صحت و اعتبار این مطالعه، ریشه در چهار محور «باورپذیری، انتقال‌پذیری، تصدیق پذیری و اطمینان‌پذیری» داشت. بعد از مشخص کردن کدهای مفهومی، 6 درون­مایه­ استخراج شد که در قالب سه مقولۀ اصلی شامل نوع احساس گناه و شرم، منابع انتقال احساس گناه و شرم  و پیامدهای انتقال احساس گناه و شرم دسته­بندی شدند. افکار (انتظارات) و رفتار منفی والدین دربارۀ نوجوانان دارای رفتار خودجرحی این مطالعه، در شکل‌گیری احساسات منفی از قبیل گناه و شرم و گرایش آن­ها به سمت خودزنی نقش اساسی داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The qualitative study of transmitted shame and guilt feeling from parents in male adolescents with history of Self- injury

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Gharadaghi 1
  • Iraj Hamrang 2
  • salaam rahimi 3

1 Assistant professor, Department of educational sciences, faculty of psychology and educational sciences, university of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 MSc in Educational Psychology،faculty of education and psychology university of tabriz, , tabriz, iran

3 MAs. in educational psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

This study was conducted with the aim of knowing the views of Self-injury adolescents about the feelings of guilt and shame transmitted from their parents to make them aware of the nature of this subject. This study was a qualitative one and statistical population was whole high schools of Baneh' city that selected three schools by cluster random sampling method. After screening, 7 male teenage students with self-harming behavior were interviewed.The main method of data collection was semi-structured interviews and data were analyzed by inductive qualitative content analysis method. The validity of this study was rooted in four pillars: "Credibility, Transmissibility, Confidentiality and Confidence." The six of intrinsic were extracted and in the three main categories, including the type of guilty and shameful feelings, the sources of transferring feelings of guilt and shame and the consequences of the transfer of feeling guilty and shame were categorized. The Kind of thoughts (expectations) and negative behaviors of parents played a key role in the formation of negative emotions such as guilt and shame of adolescents and their tendency towards Self-mutilation behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-injury
  • male adolescents
  • guilty feelings
  • shame
  • Parents
  • Content Analysis
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