نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحدتنکابن، ایران

2 دانشیار روان‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تنکابن

چکیده

هدف پژوهش، پیش­بینى ناگویی هیجانی بر اساس طرحواره‌هاى ناسازگار اولیه و ابرازگرى هیجانى با نقش میانجیگری انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی در بیماران مبتلا به درد مزمن است. روش پژوهش حاضر، همبستگی و از نوع مطالعات تحلیل مسیر بود. برای انجام پژوهش 300 نفر از بیماران دچار درد مزمن مراجعه کننده به بیمارستان­های شهر تهران در سال 1397  با شیوۀ نمونه­گیری پژوهش خوشه­ای چندمرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. شرکت­کنندگان پرسشنامه­های طرحواره­های ناسازگار اولیه (Young, 1998)، ابرازگرى هیجان (King & Emmons, 1990)، ناگویی هیجانی تورنتو   (Babgy, Parker & Taylor, 1994)  انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی (Taghizadeh & Nikhah, 2015) را تکمیل نمودند. برای تحلیل داده­ها از نرم‌افزارهای Amos و SPSS استفاده گردید. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد فقط حوزه­های محدودیت­های مختل به میزان 18/0 و دیگر جهت­مندی به میزان 14/0 در تبیین واریانس ناگویی هیجانی تأثیر مثبتی دارد (05/0 >p). ابرازگرى هیجانى در تبیین واریانس ناگویی هیجانی  27/0-؛ بر متغیر میانجی (انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی) 44/0- تأثیر دارد (01/0 >p). در نهایت، ابرازگرى هیجانى با ضریب تأثیر 31/0- بر ناگویی هیجانی از طریق انعطاف­پذیری شناختی تأثیر غیرمستقیم دارد (01/0 >p). از نتایج این پژوهش می­توان در راستای کاهش سطح ناگویی هیجانی با استفاده از اصلاح طرحواره­هاى ناسازگار اولیه، ابرازگرى هیجانى و انعطاف­پذیری شناختی در بیماران مبتلا به درد مزمن استفاده کرد.
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کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Emotional Uncertainty Based on Early Maladaptive Schemas and Emotional Expressions with the Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility in Patients with Chronic Pain

نویسندگان [English]

  • leili vakilian 1
  • morteza tarkhan 2
  • javad khalatbari 3

1 PhD student, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran

چکیده [English]

 
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to predict Alexithymia. based on early maladaptive schemas and emotional expressiveness with the role of mediating cognitive flexibility in patients with chronic pain. The research method was correlational and path analysis studies. For this study, 300 patients with chronic pain referred to Tehran hospitals were selected by multistage cluster sampling. Participants completed the questionnaires of early maladaptive schemas Yang (1988), King's and Ammons emotional expressiveness (1990), Toronto Emotional Intelligence (1994), Tagizadeh and Nikkhah's Cognitive Flexibility (2015). Amos and SPSS software were used for data analysis. The results of path analysis showed that only the domains of disturbed constraints of 0.18 and other areas of orientation of 0.14 have a positive effect in explaining the variance of alexithymia (p <0.05). Emotional expression in explaining the variance of alexithymia by -0.27; Affects the mediating variable (cognitive flexibility) -0.44 (p <0.01). Finally, emotional expression with an impact factor of -0.31 has an indirect effect on alexithymia through cognitive flexibility (p <0.01). The results of this study can be used to reduce the level of alexithymia by correcting early maladaptive schemas, emotional expression and cognitive flexibility in patients with chronic pain.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional Narrative
  • early maladaptive schemas
  • Emotional Expression
  • cognitive flexibility
  • chronic pain
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