نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش ذهن­آگاهی در پیش‌بینی نشانه‌های ­اختلال ­­استرس پس از سانحه، استرس شغلی و فرسودگی‌ شغلی آتش­نشانان شهر تبریز در سال 1398 انجام­ گرفت. روش پژوهش از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی-همبستگی بود. جامعۀ آماری این پژوهش را کلیۀ آتش­نشانان شهر تبریز با تعداد 640 نفر تشکیل دادند و در نهایت از بین آنها 127 نفر با روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. برای جمع­آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های فرسودگی ­شغلی (Maslach, 1991)، مقیاس اختلال تنیدگی پس از ضربه می­سی­سی­پی (Norris, Reed, 1997)، فرم کوتاه پرسشنامۀ ذهن­آگاهی فرایبورگ (Walach et al. 2006) و مقیاس استرس ­شغلی (Cooper, Marshall, 1976) استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل رگرسیون انجام شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که ذهن­آگاهی در پیش‌بینی اختلال استرس پس از سانحه (307/0-=β)، استرس ­شغلی (284/0-=β) و فرسودگی ­شغلی (179/0-=β) نقش دارد. همچنین ذهن­آگاهی می­تواند ابتلا به اختلال استرس پس از ضربه، مشکلات استرس و فرسودگی­ شغلی را در آتش‌نشانان به صورت منفی پیش­بینی کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Mindfulness in Predicting Symptoms of Post-traumatic stress Disorder, Job stress and Job burnout in Tabriz firefighters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Golestani 1
  • Esmaeil Sadri Damirchi 2
  • saeideh jabbari 3

1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, MOHAGHEGH ARDABILI UNIVERSITY

2 DEPARTMENT OF Counseling, mohagheghe ardabili university

3 department of psychology, mohaghegh ardabili university

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of mindfulness in predicting symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, job stress and job burnout in Tabriz firefighters in the year 2019. The research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted all of 640 Tabriz firefighters. Finally, 127 of them were selected by cluster sampling. The Burnout Inventory (MBI) (Maslach, 1991), Mississippi scale for combat-related PTSD (M-PTSD) (Norris, Reed, 1997), The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) Short Form (Walach et al. 2006), and Job Stress Scale )Cooper, Marshall, 1976( were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using regression analysis. Findings showed that mindfulness plays a role in predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (β=0.307), job stress (β=0.228) and job burnout (β=0.179). Mindfulness can also negatively predict having post-traumatic stress disorder, stress problems and job burnout in firefighters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mindfulness
  • post traumatic stress disorder
  • Job Stress
  • job burnout
  • Firefighters
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