نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش جو خانواده، رابطۀ مادر‌ دختر، مهارت‌های اجتماعی و اختلالات روانی مادران در پیش‌بینی کودک‌آزاری دختران دورۀ متوسطه اول انجام شد. طرح پژوهش از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعۀ آماری 55766 نفر از دانش‌آموزان دختر مقطع متوسطۀ اول شهر اصفهان در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 به همراه مادرانشان بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای 250 نفر از آنها انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری شامل پرسشنامۀ جو خانوادگی (Hilburn, 1964)، مقیاس رابطۀ والد ـ فرزند (Fine et al. 1983)، پرسشنامۀ مهارت‌های اجتماعی نوجوانان (Inderbitzen, Foster 1992)، پرسشنامۀ سلامت روانی (Goldberg, Hillier 1979) و پرسشنامۀ کودک‌آزاری (Noorbakhsh, 2012) بود. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل رگرسیون گام ‌به‌گام تحلیل شدند و یافته‌های گام آخر تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که رابطۀ مادر ـ دختر و اختلالات روانی مادران، قادر به‌ پیش بینی 6/10 درصد از واریانس نمرات کودک‌آزاری است (01/0P<). نتایج این پژوهش نشان‌دهندۀ اهمیت نقش مادر در پیشگیری از کودک‌آزاری دختران دارد. بر همین اساس پژوهشگران و برنامه­ریزان حوزۀ مسائل روانی-اجتماعی می‌توانند با تدوین برنامه‌های آموزشی، پیشگیرانه و درمانی، فضایی برای کاهش این معضل فراهم آورند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Family Atmosphere, Mother-Daughter Relationship, Social Skills, and mothers' mental disorders in Predicting Child Abuse of High School Female Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh karimi 1
  • Mohammad Soltanizadeh 2

1 Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the family atmosphere, mother-daughter relationship, social skills, and mothers' mental disorders in predicting child abuse of high school female students. The research design was a correlational. The statistical population consisted of 55766 Isfahan high school female students and their mothers in the academic year of 2017-2018 using a multistage cluster sampling method, 250 were selected. The research tools consisted of Questionnaire of Family Emotional Condition (Hill Burn, 1964), the Parent-Child Relationship Scale (Fine, Moreland & Schwebel, 1983), the Teenage Inventory of Social Skills Questionnaire (Inderbitzen & Foster, 1992), the General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg & Hillier, 1979) and Child Abuse Questionnaire (Nourbakhsh, 2012). The data were analyzed using stepwise regression analysis, and the final step of regression analysis showed that mother-daughter relationship and mothers' mental disorders were 10.6% were able to predict child abuse at the level (P <0.01). The results of this study indicate the importance of the mother's role in the prevention of child abuse of females. Therefore, researchers and planners in the field of psychosocial issues can provide a space to reduce this problem by formulating educational, preventive, and therapeutic programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "family atmosphere"
  • "mother-daughter relationship"
  • "social skills"
  • "mental disorders"
  • "child abuse"
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