نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی صنعتی- سازمانی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحداصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 عضوهیئت علمی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف تاثیر ذهن آگاهی برعملکرد و استرس با نقش واسطه ای معنا در کار انجام شد. روش پژوهش همبستگی و جامعه پژوهش شامل کلیه کارکنان کلینیک چشم پزشکی پارسیان بود که از میان آنان تعداد 194 نفر به روش در دسترس انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه های ذهن آگاهی (بائر و همکاران ، 2006)، عملکردشغلی (پاترسون، 1963)، استرس شغلی (باباکاس و همکاران، 1992) و معنا در کار (ایوزان و همکاران ، 2013) مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. داده ها با استفاده از الگو سازی معادلات ساختاری مورد تحلیل و یافته ها نشان داد، که ذهن آگاهی بر معنا در کار و عملکرد شغلی تاثیر مثبت و بر استرس شغلی تاثیر منفی (p< 0/05) دارد. همچنین معنا در کار بر عملکرد شغلی تاثیر مثبت و بر استرس شغلی تاثیر منفی (p< 0/05) دارد. علاوه بر این، نتایج الگو سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که ذهن آگاهی به طریق غیر مستقیم و از طریق تاثیر بر معنا در کار بر عمکرد شغلی و استرس شفلی تاثیر دارد (p< 0/05). براساس یافته های پژوهش می توان چنین نتیجه گیری نمود که ذهن آگاهی به دلیل تاثیری که بر معنا در کار دارد، بر عمکرد شغلی و استرس شغلی تاثیر دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Mindfulness on Job Performance and Job Stress in Parsian Ophthalmology Clinic: The Mediating Role of Meaning in work

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Eskandary Gharivand 1
  • ali mehdad 2

1 I/O Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Isfahan (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran

2 Academic member, Islamic Azad University of Isfahan (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study the effect of mindfulness on job performance and job stress with considering mediating role of meaning in work. The research method was correlation and the statistical population consisted of all employees of Parsian Ophthalmology Clinic, of which, 194 subjects were selected through convenience sampling method. Research questionnaires consisted of Mindfulness (Baer et al., 2006), Job Performance (Paterson, 1963), Job Stress (Babacas et al., 1992) and Meaning in Work (Ivtzan, Sorensen, & Halonen, (2013). Data were analyzed with use of Pearson's correlation coefficient and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and results revealed that mindfulness has a significant effect on meaning in work, job performance and job stress (p<0/05). Moreover, meaning in work has a significant effect on job performance and job stress (p<0/05). Furthermore, the results of structural equation modeling showed that mindfulness indirectly and through effect on meaning in work has a significant effect on job performance and job stress (p <0/05). Hence, based on the findings of the research, it could be concluded that, mindfulness due to the effect on meaning in work has an impact on job performance and job stress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness"
  • "job performance"
  • "job stress"
  • "Meaning in Work"
  • "Parsian Ophthalmology Clinic"
Albrecht, S. L. (2013). Work engagement and the positive power of meaningful work. Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology, 1, 237-260.
Ahmadvand, Z. Heydarinasab L. & Shairi MR. (2013). An investigation of the validity and reliability of psychometric   characteristics of five facet mindfulness questionnaire in Iranian non-clinical samples. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 7 (3): 229-237.
Ashmos, D.P. & Duchon. D. (2000). Sprirituality at Work: Conceptualization and Measure. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9 (2). pp: 134-146
Arnold, K. A., Turner, N., Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K., & McKee, M. C. (2007). Transformational leadership and psychological well-being: The mediating role of meaningful work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12(3), 193203.
Babakus, E., Yavas, U., & Ashill, N. J. (2009). The role of customer orientation as a moderator of the job-demand- burnout- performancerelationship's surface- level trait perspective. Journal of Retailing, 85, 480-550.
Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Sanz-Vergel, A. I. (2014). Burnout and work engagement: The JD-R approach. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 1, 389-411.
Barnard. D, street. A, love aw (2006). Relationship between stressors, work support and burnout among cancer nurses. National library of medicine national institutes of health, 29(4): 338-450.
Baer, R. A.; Smith, G. T.; Hopkins, J.; Krietemeyer, J. & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report Assessment methods to Explore Facets of mindfulness. Assessment, Vol 13.no. 1. 27-45
Britt, T. W., Adler, A. B., & Bartone, P. T. (2001). Deriving benefits from stressful events: The role of engagement in meaningful work and hardiness. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6(1), 53-63.
Brown, K. W. & Ryan, R. M. (2007). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 84, No. 4, 822–848.
Burrows, L. (2013). Spirituality at Work: The Contribution of Mindfulness to Personal and Workforce Development. . Workforce development, pp: 303-316.
Choi, J.I., and Koh, M.S. (2015). Relations of Job Stress, Burnout, Mindfulness and Job Satisfaction
 
of Clinical Nurses. International Journal of Bio- Science and Bio-Technology. 3 (7): 128-121
Chandola, T., Brunner, E., & Marmot, M. (2006). Chronic stress at work and the metabolic syndrome: prospective study. British Medical Journal, 332, 521–525. 10.1136/bmj.38693.435301.80. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
Chandola, T., Britton, A., Brunner, E., Hemingway, H., Malik, M., Kumari, M., Badrick, E., Kivimaki, M., & Marmot, M. (2008). Work stress and coronary heart disease: what are the mechanisms? European Heart Journal, 29(5), 640–648. [PubMed]
Dik, B. J., Duffy, R. D., & Eldridge, B. M. (2009). Calling and vocation in career counseling: Recommendations for promoting meaningful work. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40(6), 625-632.
Enjezab B., farina f. (2010). Occupational stress & psychological behavioral responses. Journal of shahid Sadoughi University of medical science and health services.10 (3): 32-8.
Fairlie, P. (2011). Meaningful Work, Employee Engagement, and Other Key Employee Outcomes: Implications for Human Resource Development. Journal of Advances in Developing Human Resources, 13 (4) 508 –525
Hülsheger, U.R., Alberts, H.J., Feinholdt, A and Lang, J.W. (2013). Benefits of mindfulness at work: The role of mindfulness in emotion regulation, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction. J Appl Psychol. 98 (2): 310-25
Gilboa, S., Shirom, A., Fried, Y., & Cooper, C. (2008). A meta-analysis of work demand stressors and job performance: Examining main and moderating effects. Personnel Psychology, 61(2), 227–271.
Golparvar, M., Adibi, Z., Mosahebi, M. (2010). The investigation of relationship between job   demands, resources and control and staff deviant behavior. The second conference of the biennial congress of industrial and organizational psychology of Iran. Islamic Azad University of Isfahan.
Ivtzan, I., Sorensen, E. & Halonen, S. (2013). The Effect of Occupational Meaningfulness on Occupational Commitment. Int. J. Psychol. Res. 6(2): 15-23
Jenaabadi, H., Pilechi, L., Salmabadi, M., Tayaranirad, M. (2016). The effectiveness of training mindfulness skills in professional stress and psychological well-being of female teachers. Iranian Occupational Health Bimonthly, 13 (6), 58-69.
Karamiashoftaki, M. (2011). The relationship between job satisfaction and its components and job stress with employee job performance. Master thesis, Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan Branch, Faculty of Education and Psychology.
Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Fortin, G., Masse, M., Therien, P., Bouchard, V., et al. (2011). Mindfulness-based therapy: A comprehensive meta-analysis. Psychiat Res. 187: 441–453.
Mehdad, A., Golparvar, M., Allahpanah, P., Aghaei, A. (2014). Explaining the relationship between duty performance and citizenship behavior based on the moderation role of psychological health. Quarterly journal of career and organizational counseling, 6(20), 26-43.
Mehdad, A. (2018, A). Industrial/organizational psychology. (13th edition). Jungle Publication.
Mehdad, A. (2018, B). Personnel psychology. (4th edition). Jungle Publication.
May, D. R., Gibson, R. L., & Harter, L. M. (2004). The psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety and availability and the engagement of the human spirit at work. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77, 11-37.
Mitchell, M. L., & Jolly, J. M. (2007). Research design explain. Thomson wads worth, USA: Sixth Ed.
Mohammadpoor, S. (2016). The role of job stress, job burnout and mindfulness in predicting job satisfaction of NAJA personnel. NAJA scientific quarterly of human resources, 7(45), 121-140.
Motowidlo, J.S. (2003). Job performance: Handbook of psychology. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 12, 39-55.
Netterstrøm, B., Conrad, N., Bech, P., Fink, P., Olsen, O., Rugulies, R., & Stansfeld, S. (2008). The relation between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of depression. Epidemiologic Reviews, 30, 118–132. 10.1093/epirev/mxn004. [PubMed]
Nord, W. R., Brief, A. P., Atieh, J. M., & Doherty, E. M. (1990). Studying meanings of work: The case of work values. In A. Brief & W. Nord (Eds.). Meanings of occupational work: A collection of essays. Lexington: Lexington Books.
Petchsawang, P. &  McLean, G. N. (2017). Workplace spirituality, mindfulness meditation, and work engagement. Journal of management, spirituality & religion. Vol 14, issu 3, page 216-244.
Paterson, D.G. (1963), The Scott Company graphic rating scale, The Journal of Personnel Research, Vol.1, Pp.361-376.
Pratt, M. G., & Ashforth, B. E. (2003). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship (309–327). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Rosso, B. D., Dekas, K. H., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and review. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 91-127.
Sonnentag, S., & Frese, M. (2003). Stress in organizations. In W. C. Borman, D. R. Ilgen, & J. R. Klimoski (Eds.), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology. Volume 12: Industrial and Organizational Psychology (pp. 453-491). New York: Wiley.
Sparks, J. R., & Schenk, J. A. (2001). Explaining the effects of transformational leadership: An investigation of the effects of higher-order motives in multilevel marketing organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22, 849-869.
Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological Empowerment in the Workplace: Dim ensi o ns, Measure ment, and Validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38(5), 1442- 1465.
Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(1), 80-93.
Steptoe, A., & Kivimäki, M. (2012). Stress and cardiovascular disease. Nature Reviews Cardiology, 9, 360–370. 10.1038/nrcardio.2012.45. [PubMed]
Tabatabai, A., Montazeri, S., Ghianimoghadam, M. (2016). Investigating the relationship between work-family conflict and mindfulness skills with job stress in Bank Shahr employees. International Conference on Management and Social Sciences, paper COI code : ICMHCONF02_279.
Walsh, J.; Baliant, M. G.; Smolira S. J. D. R.; Fredericksen, L. K. & Madsen, S. (2009), "Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: The role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control", Personality and Individual differences, 46, 94- 99.
Zhang, j. Ding, w. Li, y. (2013). Task complexity matter: the influence of trait mindfulness on task and safety performance of nuclear power plant operator. Personality and individual difference, 55, 433-439.
Zoe Tylor. N, Miller, R. (2016). The contribution of mindfulness to predicting burnout in the workplace. . Personality and individual difference, 89, 123-128