نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده روانشناسی وعلوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی رودهن، ، رودهن. ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف تبیین الگوی اضطراب مرگ براساس همدلی عاطفی با میانجیگری معنویت درافراد میانسال بود. جامعه آماری کلیه افراد در دامنه سنی 65- 45 سال مرد و زن مراجعه کننده به خانه سلامت در سال 1397 بودند ، برای حجم نمونه از روش کلاین استفاده شدو تعداد 464 نفر به صورت نمونه گیری تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. و پرسشنامه های اضطراب مرگ تمپلر(1970)، همدلی عاطفی باتسون(1983)ومعنویت(2009)را تکمیل کردند. با استفاده از تحلیل مسیر توسط برنامه AMOSاثرات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم متغیرها،بدست آمد.نتایج نشان داد ضریب مسیر مستقیم بین همدلی عاطفی و اضطراب مرگ منفی و در سطح 01/0 معنادار است(01/0>p، 223/0-=β).ضریب مسیر بین معنویت و اضطراب مرگ نیز منفی و در سطح 01/0 معنادار است(01/0>p، 482/0-=β). ضریب مسیر غیر مستقیم نیز بین همدلی عاطفی و اضطراب مرگ منفی و در سطح 01/0 معنادار بود(01/0>p، 263/0-=β). و 29 درصد از واریانس اضطراب مرگ توسط متغیرهای موجود در مدل تبیین شدند و نتیجه گیری شد که معنویت بر همدلی عاطفی و اضطراب مرگ تاثیر دارد وبه صورت منفی و معنادار میانجیگری می کند. بنابراین اضطراب مرگ را باید بادید تعاملی وهمه جانبه نگریست.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of death anxiety pattern based on emotional empathy mediated by spirituality in middle-aged people

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Badia Nia
  • Simin Bashardoust

Public Psychology, School of Psychology and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Roodhen,, Roodhen. Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the pattern of death anxiety based on emotional empathy mediated by spirituality in middle-aged individuals. Statistical population was all male and female referring to health home in the age range of 45-65 years. The sample size was Klein method and 464 individuals were selected by multistage random sampling. And completed the Templar Death Anxiety Questionnaire (1970), Batson's Emotional Empathy Questionnaire (1983), and Spirituality (2009). Direct and indirect effects of variables were obtained by using path analysis using AMOS program. There was also a negative correlation between spirituality and death anxiety, at the 0.01 level (β = -0.482, p <0.01). The indirect path coefficient was also significant between emotional empathy and negative death anxiety at the level of 0.01 (β = -0.263, p <0.01). And 29% of the variance of death anxiety was explained by the variables in the model and it was concluded that spirituality affects emotional empathy and death anxiety and mediates negatively and significantly. Therefore, the anxiety of death must be viewed as an interactive and all-encompassing consideration.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: "Death anxiety"
  • "emotional empathy"
  • "spirituality"
  • "middle aged'
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